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From a perspective of countering mistreatment, an analysis of public discourse concerning older adults during the pandemic.

PRINCIPAL RESEARCHER:

Marie Beaulieu Ph.D

RESEARCH TEAM:

N.a.

CHAIR PERSONNEL INVOLVED IN THE PROJECT:

Julien Cadieux Genesse, Research Chair Coordinator (2018-2022)

Kevin St-Martin, Research assistant

GRANTING AGENCY AND GRANT AMOUNT:

Research Chair Funds

PROJECT COMPLETION DATES:

Beginning February 2020, no specific end date

ROLE OF CHAIR IN THE PROJECT:

Initiator and project leader

RESEARCH PROBLEM:

Between April and June 2020, health, defined by the World Health Organisation in 1946 as ‘… a complete state of physical, mental and social well-being,’ was severely challenged in the older adult population residing in long-term care facilities (CHSLD) in Québec. Their security and integrity that usually stem from on-time access to quality healthcare and social services corresponding to their needs were compromised. In long-term care facilities, the health and social crisis of COVID-19 led to an upsurge in cases of physical, psychological and organisational neglect and an over-representation of deaths due to the virus. From March to June 2020, not less than 69.1% of the registered deaths in long-term care facilities were related to the pandemic. (INSPQ -Quebec Public Health expertise and reference center, 2020).

The World Health Organisation’s promotion of health as ‘physical, mental and social well-being’ is not altered by the pandemic and should be considered and applied in all community and private residences for older adults (including long-term care facilities (CHSLD), intermediate resources (RI), family-type residences (RTF) and other conventional settings.  However, an essential part of the Chair’s work is concentrated on Québec’s long-term care facilities.

GOAL OF THE PROJECT OR RESEARCH QUESTION:

Collect and analyse available data from provincial, national and international sources concerning COVID-19 and connect the information with the actions to counter the mistreatment of older adults.

METHODOLOGY:

The data forming the basis of this work is taken from the official archives of the National Assembly of Québec. Information also comes from public documents of Québec and Canadian government organisations, committees of experts and journalistic sources.

An official consultation between members of the International Network for the Prevention of Elder Abuse (INPEA) also provided data for this constituent project.

The data was analysed through a unique matrix. The analysis linked age groups, public health measures, delays in governmental responses, accessibility of material, financial and human resources, and the physical, psychological, social, and economic consequences of the COVID-19 crisis for older adults, their families and friends.

PROJECT ADVANCEMENT:

The Chair’s team is presently working on finalising many documents on this subject.

COMMUNICATIONS:

Beaulieu, M., (October 14, 2020). Mistreatment of Older Persons in the time of COVID-19: Lessons from the first wave. Symposium “Complexity, Effects and Learning after COVID-19” at the I Segg Virtual Congress (Spanish Society of Gerontology and Geriatrics).

Beaulieu, M., (April 23, 2020). COVID-19 in Canada – Québec, Situation in communal living environments (Nursing Homes, Residential Settings for Older Adults). International Webinar “COVID 19 (Corona Virus Infectious Disease 2019) Global Pandemic” organised by the International Network for Prevention of  Elder Abuse.

PUBLICATIONS:

Brief

Beaulieu, M., Cadieux Genesse, J. & St-Martin, K. (2020). La maltraitance en CHSLD en contexte de COVID-19. Déposé dans le cadre de l’enquête sur la gestion de la crise de la COVID-19 dans les CHSLD par le Protecteur du citoyen. 15p. Repéré à: https://maltraitancedesaines.com/wp-content/uploads/2020/10/2020_Memoire_Protecteur-du-citoyen_ChaireMaltraitance.pdf

Scientific  ( Articles)

Beaulieu, M., & Cadieux Genesse, J. (2021). COVID-19 en hébergement au Québec : conséquences de la formation accélérée du personnel sur le risque de maltraitance. Gérontologie et Société, 2021, 1B-11B. https://dx.doi.org/10.3917/gs1.pr1.0002

Beaulieu, M., Cadieux Genesse, J. & St-Martin, K. (2021). High Death Rate of Older Persons From COVID-19 in Quebec (Canada) Long-Term Care Facilities: Chronology and Analysis. The Journal of Adult Protection, 23(2), 110-115. https://doi.org/10.1108/JAP-08-2020-0033

Beaulieu, M., Cadieux Genesse, J. & St-Martin, K. (2020). COVID-19 and residential care facilities: issues and concerns identified by the international network prevention of elder abuse (INPEA). The Journal of Adult Protection, 22(6), 385-389. https://doi.org/10.1108/JAP-08-2020-0034 

Fraser, S., Lagacé, M. et coll (40 co-signers dont Beaulieu, M.). (2020). Ageism and COVID-19: What does our society’s response say about us? Age and Ageing, 49(5) 692-695. https://doi.org/10.1093/ageing/afaa097

Book chapter

Beaulieu, M., Cadieux-Genesse, J. & St-Martin, K. (2021). Mistreatment of older adults. In Edwards, P., Rootman, I. & Levasseur, M. & Grunberg, F. (Eds.). Promoting the Health of Older Adults. The Canadian Experience (p. 183-202). ON: Canadian Scholars.

MEDIA

Publication date and place (City/province) Name of the Media(Newspaper, show, etc.) Activity type

(Publication, radio, TV.)

Subject of the interview or title of the article Interviewee/

Interviewer

 

April 1, 2020

Sherbrooke, Qc.

Agence Science-presse

 

Publication (web) Title : COVID-19 : qui sont les plus vulnérables? Interviewer : Isabelle Burgun

Interviewee :

Marie Beaulieu

 

April 28, 2020

Sherbrooke, Qc.

 

Usbek & Rica Publication (web) Title : « La crise du COVID-19, c’est la victoire d’une manière très technicisée d’intervenir pour autrui »  Interviewer :

Vincent Edin

Marie Beaulieu’s work is cited in this article.

 

April 29, 2020

Vancouver, C-B, Canada

 

Radio-Canada ICI Première

Boulevard du Pacifique

 

Radio Title : L’isolement de nos aînés avec la COVID-19 Interviewer :

Jacques Dufresne

Interviewee :

Marie Beaulieu

 

April 29, 2020

Abitibi-Témiscamingue, Qc.

 

Radio-Canada ICI Première

Région Zéro 8

 

Radio Title : L’isolement social des personnes aînées et la COVID-19 Interviewer :

Félix B. Desfossés

Interviewee :

Marie Beaulieu

 

September 16, 2020

Winnipeg, Manitoba.

 

Radio-Canada ICI Première

  •  Le 6 à 9

 

Radio Title : Stress et cas de COVID dans un foyer pour personnes âgées de Winnipeg Interviewer : Marie-Michelle Borduas

Interviewee:

Marie Beaulieu

 

September 22, 2020

Montréal, Qc.

 

CBC News Publication Title : Could private seniors’ residences be the next weak link in the fight against COVID-19? Interviewer : Leah Hendry

Interviewee :

Marie Beaulieu

 

November 25, 2020

Espagne

 

Société espagnole de Gériatrie et gérontologie

 

Publication Title : Gerontología: una visión internacional Summary of the conference given as part of the SEGG’s virtual symposium