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Caroline Pelletier, student at the Chair, received an honourable mention from the University of Sherbrooke.

Caroline Pelletier, a doctoral student in gerontology at the University of Sherbrooke, recently earned an honourable mention from the Dean of the Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences for the 2013-2014 academic year. Her application was successful as a result of a rigorous selection that took into account her academic achievements as well as her excellent research work. We congratulate Caroline and wish her every success in her studies. In order to celebrate this success, she was invited to attend the official ceremony during which the recipients' names were unveiled, at the Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, on April 7.

Date of publication : 14-04-2014

On March 27, the Chair participated in the regional symposium to counter mistreatment of older adults of the Mauricie and Centre-du-Québec regions.

In May 2012, the Mauricie and Centre-du-Québec regions had its very first regional action plan to counter mistreatment of older adults 2012-2015. This plan is the regional base around which actions such as prevention, detection, intervention and cooperation are built. The Health and Social Services Agency of the Mauricie and Centre-du-Québec and its partners invited us, on March 27, to the very first regional symposium La maltraitance envers les aînés : vers une action concertée en Mauricie et au Centre-du-Québec (Mistreatment of older adults: towards a concerted action in the Mauricie and Centre-du-Québec regions). This unique event was an opportunity to provide an update on mistreatment issues. This was an occasion to exchange on best practices and innovative initiatives originating from Quebec and elsewhere.

The Chairholder, Marie Beaulieu, delivered the opening speech entitled: La collaboration intersectorielle: un gage de succès dans la lutte contre la maltraitance envers les personnes aînées (The intersectoral collaboration: achieving success in the fight against mistreatment of older adults).

Date of publication : 14-04-2014

On March 11, the Chair held the annual meeting of its steering committee.

As planned each year, the Chair held the annual meeting of its steering committee on March 11.

This committee comprises the following members:

Marie Beaulieu, Chairholder;

Mark Yaffe, Professor at the Department of Family Medicine, McGill University and St. Mary's Hospital Centre, serving as an expert;

Nicolas Berg, Regional Hospital of la Citadelle (Liege), President of Respect Seniors, serving as an expert;

Catherine Ferembach, Assistant Deputy Minister, Seniors' Secretariat, Ministry of Health and Social Services;

Thérèse Audet, Vice-Dean of Research, Faculty of Literature and Human Sciences, University of Sherbrooke;

Brigitte Leduc, Research Chair Consultant, University of Sherbrooke, as a representative of the vice-president of research;

Johannie Bergeron Patenaude, Chair Coordinator

This annual meeting is a privileged setting to look back over for the past year and to present forecasts for the upcoming year. Members were asked to give their assessment on the quality of the Chair's Year 3 report. Once again this year, all members appreciated the thoroughness of the report and congratulated Marie Beaulieu for her comprehensive work.

Here is a summary of the highlights for 2012-2013:

Appointment as a member of the National Seniors Council for a two-year mandate;

Recipient of the Diamond Jubilee Medal in recognition of the work accomplished for the well-being of Canadian seniors;

33 ongoing research projects (25 under the leadership of the Chairholder and eight under the leadership of students);

Among the 25 projets carried out by the Chairholder :

  • Five completed (three for Year 3 of the Chair) that are still subject to knowledge transfer
  • Five new grants
  • Three research projects submitted to granting agencies, still pending (including two as principal investigator)

11 undergraduate, graduate and doctoral students led by the Chair (five new ones and three who completed their work this year) including one new FQRSC's grant holder;

Gave an interview with Radio- Canada on the show Les années-lumière considered as a hot-bed of informal science education;

Ongoing enhancement of our website content (major interviews, scientific watch, ongoing activities, news regular updates)

Three other major interviews conducted;

37 publications and 57 communications;

Three scientific seminars were organized within the Chair;

Organized four symposia in national or international symposia;

Consolidated missions (exchanges) with Respect Seniors, the Walloon agency to counter mistreatment (Belgium);

The beginning of a more sustained collaboration with the gerontology program at the University of Sao Paulo;

Several achievements with colleagues from Laval University in the fight against financial abuse;

Invited as a consultant in a financial abuse case (ongoing trial);

Several international collaborations;

Great synergy between the Chair's work and other measures of the Governmental Action Plan to Counter Elder Abuse 2010-2015.

 

Date of publication : 14-04-2014

The Chair, with partners, will provide training on mistreatment of older adults as part of the Journées annuelles de formation continue de l'OTSTCFQ (annual continuing training days of the Quebec's College of Social Workers and Marriage and Family Therapists).

As part of its continuing training policy, the Quebec's College of Social Workers and Marriage and Family Therapists organizes, each year, two days of training, the JAFC (annual continuing training days), that will be held in June. Nearly 500 members meet in order to learn new skills.

The research chair in partnership with three trainers has been selected to provide a two-day training on mistreatment of older adults as part of the JAFC.

The team of trainers will be the following:

• Paul Martel, community organizer and coordinator of the government action plan to counteract mistreatment of older adults for the Estrie region;

• Robert Simard, social worker and coordinator of the government action plan to counteract mistreatment of older adults for the Quebec City region;

• Nancy Lachance, social worker and clinician consultant at the CSSS de la Vieille Capitale (Quebec City area);

• Marie Beaulieu, Chair holder of the research chair on mistreatment of older adults;

• Johannie Bergeron Patenaude, social worker and coordinator of the research chair on mistreatment of older adults.

Training title :

Psychosocial intervention to counteract mistreatment of older adults

Training description :

In 2010, the fight against mistreatment of older adults in Quebec became broadly structured when the Government Action Plan to counteract mistreatment of older adults 2010-2015 was adopted. In the continuum of practice, social workers are often called upon to play a pivotal role in prevention, tracking and monitoring of situations both at home and in nursing homes. Developed by five trainers comprising two of four productive actions of the action plan, this two-day training is based on two recent books published in Quebec: La maltraitance envers les aînés... Changer le regard (2012) (Mistreatment of older adults ... Changing perceptions) and the Guide de référence pour contrer la maltraitance envers les personnes aînées (2013). (The reference guide to counteract mistreatment of older adults).

The training objectives are: exposing the issue of mistreatment and placing it into the context of Quebec actions aimed at counteracting mistreatment; identifying good prevention practices, detecting and monitoring cases in a continuum of services; identifying the practice of social workers within a framework of multisectoral and interdisciplinary cooperation and how to intervene, taking into account the legal context.

This interactive training includes lectures, discussions and case studies. Social workers who are working in all types of services that may serve the seniors are welcome.

Date of publication : 25-02-2014

The Chair, as co-researcher, gets a new research grant to explore the unknown topic of violence between residents in nursing homes.

The research project is entitled: Developing a research agenda on mistreatment between residents.

This research project under the leadership of Lynn McDonald of the University of Toronto is funded by the Canadian Institute of Health Research (CIHR). It is aimed at organizing an invitational thematic symposium (expert forum type) in order to develop knowledge on an emerging issue, mistreatment committed in nursing homes between residents.

Mistreatment between residents is an insufficiently documented issue that has important implications for the health and well-being of residents living in long-term care facilities.

This event will gather experts in the research on mistreatment between residents, participants working in research, in intervention as well as partners in the community, in order to exchange and mobilize knowledge in this field. The results of this meeting will give rise to formal partnerships between researchers and practitioners in link with the priorities and the preferred methodology in preparing grant requests regarding this serious problem.

The proposed meeting is important, because it will be the first effort aimed at specifically addressing the problem in long-term care facilities in Canada.

Date of publication : 25-02-2014

Marie Beaulieu and Suzanne Philips-Nootens published a chapter in the collective work La protection des personnes vulnérables (2014). (The protection of vulnerable persons)

In Montreal, on January 31, a symposium on the protection of vulnerable persons was organized by the Quebec Bar Association. During this event, the Chair holder, Marie Beaulieu, and professor emerita Suzanne Philips-Nootens presented a conference entitled La détermination de l'inaptitude de la personne âgée au carrefour des disciplines : le défi du respect de l'autonomie. (The determination of the inability of the older adult at the crossroads of disciplines: the challenge of respecting the autonomy).

The book La protection des personnes vulnérables (The protection of vulnerable persons) compiles the texts of the lectures given at this symposium. To view the book's table of contents, please visit the website of Les Editions Yvon Blais at: http://www.editionsyvonblais.com/detail-du-produit/la-protection-des-personnes-vulnerables-2014-volume-378/ 

Date of publication : 25-02-2014

A new section in the Chair's website!

The new section entitled Research in Quebec: abstracts of scientific articles can be found under in the scientific watch tab. This new section was designed to highlight the value of scientific research on mistreatment of older adults conducted by researchers from Quebec.

In this section, you will find summaries of scientific articles produced by Quebecers. Up to now, the Chair has identified more than 80 scientific articles published by Quebec researchers since 1980. Each of these articles will be the subject of an analysis and synthesis presented in a reading summary form. To this day, 32 reading summaries have been developed, 10 have been translated in English and work is ongoing.

http://www.maltraitancedesaines.com/en/scientifc-watch/research-in-quebec-summaries-of-scientific-articles

Date of publication : 25-02-2014

The Chair will participate in the Quebec's Bar Symposium on the Protection of Vulnerable Persons.

The Quebec Bar Association holds the Symposium on the Protection of Vulnerable Persons. The event will take place in Montreal on January 31, 2014.

The symposium will discuss various topics related to the protection of vulnerable persons, such as the acts which require a personal consent of the protected adult, the determination of the inability of the older adult, the total or partial inability and the impact of the Act on the end-of-life care on vulnerable persons.

The Chair and Suzanne Philips-Nootens will co-host a conference entitled: La détermination de l'inaptitude de la personne âgée au carrefour des disciplines : le défi du respect de l'autonomie. (The Determination of the Inability of the Older Adult at the Crossroads of Disciplines: The Challenge of Respecting the Autonomy).

For more information on this symposium, please consult the Web site of the Quebec Bar: http://www.barreau.qc.ca/formation/activite.jsp?noActiv=2050&namePage=activite.jsp&Langue=fr 

Minister Réjean Hébert unveils new mandate of the Research Chair: reflecting on the denunciation in housing resources.

On December 2, 2013, the Minister of Health, Réjean Hébert unveiled a new mandate for the Research Chair on Mistreatment of Older Adults. For further details, click on the following link to see the news release http://www.msss.gouv.qc.ca/documentation/salle-de-presse/ficheCommunique.php?id=675

In February, the Chair will present two conferences at two regional workshops on suicide and seniors from l'Association québécoise de la prévention du suicide (AQPS) (The Quebec Suicide Prevention Association).

The Chair will present two conferences as part of the regional workshops on suicide and seniors from Montreal and Laval organized by l'Association québécoise de la prévention du suicide (AQPS) (The Quebec Suicide Prevention Association).

For more information on the regional workshops on suicide and seniors, please visit the AQPS Web site: http://www.aqps.info/aines/projet.html 

Beaulieu, M. (February 6, 2014). Ageism, mistreatment and suicide: three related realities. Regional Workshop "Suicide among seniors" of the Quebec Suicide Prevention Association (AQPS). Laval.

Beaulieu, M., Cantin, M. & Buzit-Beaulieu, L. (February 7, 2014). Mistreatment on older adults. What are the links to suicide? Diverse perspectives. Regional Workshop "Suicide among seniors" of the Quebec Suicide Prevention Association (AQPS). Montreal.

Data Collection for the IPAM research project of the City of Montreal Police Department (SPVM) is in full swing!

The research team of the IPAM project (police intervention for mistreated seniors), funded by the federal government, is now performing data collection (survey to all SPVM police officers, group interviews in two neighbourhood stations, observation of police practice with seniors, etc. ) and it is in full swing. This has already produced some positive results. The collaboration with the SPVM is very constructive and the project is well received by the community. For more information on this research project, go to the "Activities" section, and then on "Current research projects".

Three important interviews are now available online!

Available on the Chair's website, here are short video clips of ''important interviews'' featuring world class researchers in the fight against mistreatment. They tell us about their work and more generally research on mistreatment and its impact on public policies and practices.

Three important interviews are now available online!

Mala Kapur Shankardass, reseacher from India.

Maxine Lithwick, reseacher from Quebec.

Daphé Nahmiah, reseacher from Quebec.

http://www.maltraitancedesaines.com/en/activities/important-interviews 

The Chair launches a new research project with the city of Montreal Police Department

The research project L'intervention policière en matière de lutte contre la maltraitance : développement et implantation d'un modèle de pratique (Police intervention in the fight against mistreatment: development and implementation of a practice model) has now begun! This project in collaboration with the city of Montreal Police Department aims at developing a model of police practice to counter mistreatment against older adults.

Objectives/key activities

• Provide an update of police practices on mistreatment against older adults and to document the knowledge;

• Identify, with surveys, case studies and individual interviews, the needs of police officers regarding the fight of mistreatment against older adults;

• Implement and adapt tools for case research (screening);

• Develop an implementation protocol in order to introduce the practice model to police officers and to disseminate screening tools to counter mistreatment against older adults;

• Identify and support winning accompaniment practices and intersectoral collaboration;

• Assess the developed tools and modify them according to the custom in practice, if needed;

• Facilitate the knowledge transfer, disseminate results, documents and tools)

The Chair attended the third Partners Forum of the Government action plan to counter mistreatment against older adults 2010-2015

For the third year, the Partners Forum was held in Laval, on October 11, under the following theme: "How to do it together". The Chair attended this Partners Forum.

Dr. Réjean Hébert, Minister of Health and Social Services and Minister responsible for Seniors opened the meeting. Marie Beaulieu, the Chair holder for the Research Chair on Mistreatment of Older Adults and Denis Bourque, the Chair holder for the Canadian Research Chair on Community Organization at the University of Quebec in Outaouais (city of Gatineau) recounted the 30-year history of fighting mistreatment against older adults in Quebec. Catherine Ferembach, the Assistant Deputy Minister presented the third year of the implementation of the Plan d'action gouvernemental pour contrer la maltraitance envers les personnes aînées 2010-2015 (Government action plan to counter mistreatment against older adults 2010-2015). Afterwards, Paul Martel and Robert Simard, Regional Coordinators for the Estrie and Capitale nationale regions for issues regarding mistreatment against older adults introduced the Guide de référence pour contrer la maltraitance envers les personnes aînées (Reference guide to counter mistreatment against older adults). A brief presentation was made on the Age-Friendly Cities (AFCs) approach and measures to counter mistreatment as well as to counter ageism taken from the MADA Action Plan. Then, Martine Lagacé, Associate Professor at the Department of Communication at the University of Ottawa and Catherine Geoffroy, President of the l'Association québécoise de gérontologie (The Quebec Association on Gerontology) introduced the theme: How to do it together: to counter ageism. Finally, the activity ended with a workshop on ageism and mistreatment.

The Chair publishes a new article in the Vie et Vieillissement journal!

The article is entitled Quand l'âgisme mène à considérer toutes les personnes aînées comme étant vulnérables et sujettes à la maltraitance (When ageism leads us to consider all the seniors as vulnerable and subject to mistreatment) and is published by Marie Beaulieu and Marie Crevier, doctoral student at the Chair.

The article "includes five parts. After the introduction, it begins with a brief outline of the issue of mistreatment against older adults. Then, the concept of vulnerability is set and identified, by introducing an important distinction that is the difference between vulnerability viewed as a determined state and the process of vulnerability that may vary and fluctuate throughout the course of life. Finally, the fourth part, that is the heart of the text, addresses the issues associated between ageism, vulnerability and mistreatment. The conclusion sets the stage for change" (Beaulieu and Crevier, 2013, p.6).

On August 13, 2013, Marie Beaulieu participated in a round table on the financial abuse of seniors and was organized by the Honourable Alice Wong, federal Minister Responsible for Seniors.

On August 13, a round table on the financial abuse of seniors, organized by the Honourable Alice Wong, federal Minister Responsible for Seniors was held in Montreal. A dozen of key actors in the field of aging in Quebec shared their expertise regarding this issue. The purpose of this discussion was to get a better understanding of pivotal issues and challenges related to seniors of the community in Canada, and ultimately to follow it up.

photo ministre wong

The research Chair will be part of the 2nd International Conference on Age-Friendly Cities (AFC) from September 9 to 11, 2013.

From September 9 to 11, 2013, the 2nd International Conference on Age-Friendly Cities (AFC) will be held at the Quebec City Convention Centre under the theme of Living and Aging Together in our Community.

The Chair will make three presentations:

• Beaulieu, M., & Jetté, G. (From September 9 to 11, 2013). Les coordonnateurs régionaux de lutte contre la maltraitance envers les aînés en soutien aux initiatives MADA au Québec (Regional coordinators in counteracting mistreatment on older adults to support MADA's initiatives in Quebec). The 2nd International Conference on Age-Friendly Cities (AFC). Quebec City, Quebec.

• Beaulieu, M., Ferguson, G. & Vincent, E. (From September 9 to 11, 2013). Social policies, AFC and grass root intervention in Elder abuse: Experiences from Victoria (Australia) and Quebec (Canada). The 2nd International Conference on Age-Friendly Cities (AFC), Quebec City, Quebec.

• Beaulieu, M., Loock, J, Leclair, M. & Lavoie, N. (From September 9 to 11, 2013). Approches intersectorielles pour contrer la maltraitance : projet Arrimage dans le nord-est de Montréal comme exemple de développement des communautés (Intersectorial approaches to counteract mistreatment: the Arimage project in the northeast of Montreal as an exemple of community development). The 2nd International Conference on Age-Friendly Cities (AFC). Quebec City, Quebec.

Five new students and research assistants are joining the Chair team!

These newcomers are a doctoral student in gerontology, Omar Ameris, three graduate students in Social Work (Audrey Allard, Jessica Calvé and Samuèle Rémillard B.) and an undergraduate student (Nathalie Paquette) in Social Work from the University of Sherbrooke.

With his wealth of experience in the Senior Abuse Line and in a Crime Victims Assistance Centre (CAVAC) in Montreal, Omar Ameris is joining the project on the police intervention with mistreated seniors. His PhD will enable the Chair to document this intervention from the seniors' perspective. Audrey Allard will translate the important interviews and is currently working on the revision of chapters that will become a book on aging. Jessica Calvé is working on the implementation of the Chair's scientific reference bank for the Endnote program. Nathalie Paquette is working on the production of reading notes of scientific articles produced by Quebec authors. Finally, Samuèle Rémillard B. is doing the editing of important interviews that will be soon online.

In collaboration with the Institut national de santé publique (INSPQ) (The Quebec Public Health Institute), the Chair publishes a research report on the detection of mistreatment.

The report Recherche de cas de maltraitance envers les personnes aînées par des professionnels de la santé et des services sociaux en première ligne (Mistreatment case findings of older adults by frontline health and social services professionals) was recently released. In the framework of the Plan gouvernemental pour contrer la maltraitance envers les personnes aînées 2010-2015 (Government Plan to counteract mistreatment of older adults 2010-2015), the Chairholder started to reflect on the validity of several screening tools (case findings). In response to a special mandate of the Ministry of Health and Social Services, in partnership with Pierre Maurice and Julie Laforest (INSPQ), Marie Beaulieu and Louise Belzile have thoroughly continued the work. Fifteen validated tools of mistreatment case findings of older adults that can be used by frontline practitioners were identified and analyzed for their psychometric qualities. The report also includes a section on the training and the implementation of programs to detect mistreatment situations. The research report is now available online:

http://www.inspq.qc.ca/publications/notice.asp?E=p&NumPublication=1687 

Reference :

Laforest, J., Maurice, P., Beaulieu, M. et Belzile, L. (2013). Recherche de cas de maltraitance envers des personnes aînées par des professionnels de la santé et des services sociaux en première ligne (Mistreatment case findings of older adults by frontline health and social services professionals). Institut national de santé publique du Québec, 102p.

The Chair publishes a new article in the Vie et Vieillissement Journal and another in the International Psychogeriatrics Journal.

The article entitled Les aînés engagés dans la lutte contre la maltraitance envers les personnes aînées au Québec (Seniors committed in the fight against mistreatment of older adults in Quebec) begins with a review of the way things have gone so far, since the adoption of the Government Action Plan to counteract mistreatment of older adults and also illustrates the recognition of practices raised by volunteers in the field of mistreatment by demonstrating their benefits. The article also talks about issues regarding volunteer work as well as the social and scientific relevance of this field of study. This article will introduce another one in development about the presentation of the results of a pilot study conducted in 2012-2013 with the AEIFA-DIRA and announces the application for a grant in order to carry out an extensive research project aimed to understand the specific context of these practices.

Reference:

Beaulieu, M., D'Amours, M., Crevier, M., Sévigny, A., Fortier, J., Carbonneau, H., Éthier, S., & Couturier, Y. (2013). Les aînés engagés dans la lutte contre la maltraitance envers les personnes aînées au Québec (Seniors committed in the fight against mistreatment of older adults in Quebec). Vie et vieillissement 10(4), 54-56.

The article entitled Critical concepts in elder abuse research provides an analysis of the four main concepts that meet the definition of mistreatment of older adults: age, vulnerability, notion of trust and the notion of the relationship of trust. The results of this article show that research on mistreatment needs more conceptual development. The fact of "placing" mistreatment in specific relations or associating the notion of vulnerability has significant implications for research.

Reference:

Georgen, T., & Beaulieu, M. (2013). Critical concepts in elder abuse research. International Psychogeriatrics 25(8), 1217-1228.

Marie Beaulieu appointed for a two-year term to the National Seniors Council on June 6, 2013.

On June 12, the Government of Canada has appointed two new members to the National Seniors Council, including Marie Beaulieu, the Chairholder of the Research Chair on Mistreatment of Older Adults

"The National Seniors Council is mandated to provide advice to the federal government on matters related to the well-being and quality of life of Canada's seniors, including new opportunities and issues arising from a rapidly growing and increasingly diverse seniors population" (Government of Canada, 2013).

"Members appointed by the National Seniors Council bring with them unique perspectives and experiences that help the federal government to understand issues facing seniors today . The Council comprises a maximum of 12 members, including the Chair" (Government of Canada, 2013).

For more information about the Council, please visit the Web site: www.seniorscouncil.gc.ca 

Reference:

Government of Canada (June 12, 2013). Appointment to the National Seniors Council. Retrieved from the Web site: http://www.newswire.ca/en/story/1182867/appointment-to-the-national-seniors-council 

Participation of Marie Beaulieu in the expert seminar on care and services provided to older adults, organized by the Health and Welfare Commissioner, on June 10-11, 2013.

In Montreal, on June 10-11, an expert seminar was held on care and services provided to older adults. The main topics addressed on the agenda were the following:

• Discussions on issues, challenges and opportunities regarding care and services provided to older adults in Quebec

• Discussions on desired trends concerning care and services provided to older adults

• Discussions on steps to be taken to achieve the vision of an efficient system of care and services for older adults in Quebec

On June 5, the Chair held a seminar on knowledge transfer which gathered 24 people from various organizations.

A luncheon meeting followed by a seminar on knowledge transfer was held by the Chair on June 5. The audience consisted of Chair members, three collegues from the Respect Seniors organization from Wallonia (Belgium), the Seniors Secretariat and members from the Table de concertation contre les mauvais traitements envers les aînés de l'Estrie (a round table on mistreatment of older adults in the Estrie region). Four presentations were made, here's a brief summary.

Master's thesis in Social Work by Annie Riendeau : Enjeux associés à l'intervention visant à contrer la maltraitance envers les personnes aînées vivant à domicile au Québec. (Issues related to interventions in order to counteract mistreatment of older adults living at home in Quebec).

From a systematic review of articles published by researchers from Quebec, this thesis is describes issues, challenges and limits of interventions involving older adults living at home. Three themes are closely explored: ethical and psychosocial issues of intervention, spousal violence between senior couples and interprofessional and intersectoral practices against mistreatment. Finally, a reflection has been launched on issues not covered by the research and challenges of intervention in the Social Work-Gerontology practice.

Master's thesis of Arzemina Spahic Blazevic : Être à la fois proche aidant d'un aîné et réfugié au Québec: promotion de la bientraitance (Being both an older adult and a refugee caregiver in Quebec: promoting well-treatment).

This thesis aimed at reflecting on the life context of caregivers who are also refugees. It also explains the exhaustion of caregivers as a consequence for their health as well as a risk factor for mistreatment. Emphasis is placed on the importance of support services for caregivers in immigrant backgrounds by promoting positive treatment versus a more direct approach of combating mistreatment (which could not be well received).

Research report: Voluntary accompaniment in combating mistreatment of older adults, the AEIFA-DIRA experience.

The Association estrienne d'Information et de Formation aux Aînés (AEIFA-DIRA) (an organization that provides information and training for older adults of the Estrie region), whose principal mission is to help older adults in a mistreatment situation, was given a grant in order to recruit and train new volunteers. The Research Chair on mistreatment of older adults supported this project, especially by proposing a research-action approach in parallel to this funded project. The objective of this research was to document volunteer work in the fight against mistreatment as well as various forms of supervision. This study has become a pilot project which will lead to a grant application in the summer of 2013.

Doctoral thesis of Louise Belzile: Les savoirs mobilisés dans l'activité instrumentée de détection des cas de maltraitance des personnes aînées. (Mobilization of knowledge in the instrumented activity of detecting cases regarding misteatment of older adults).

In combating mistreatment, in terms of prevention, case findings or follow-ups, as in several professional activities that rely on interactions with and towards others, various tools are being used. We don't know much about the implied knowledge and the way practitioners are using various tools to support their actions. This presentation has drawn the issue and the theoretical framework of this doctoral study which will lead to a data collection in 2013-2014.

Annie Riendeau, a master's student in the department of social work at the Université de Sherbrooke and social worker at the CSSS de Memphrémagog, has completed her master's thesis on issues related to interventions in order to counteract mistreatment of older adults living at home in Quebec.

Annie Riendeau was a research assistant at the Research chair for a year and half. Her work was to continue and develop an intervention manual on the mistreatment of older adults. While performing this activity, she has completed her master's thesis on issues related to interventions in order to counteract mistreatment of older adults living at home in Quebec.

From a systematic review of articles published by researchers from Quebec, this thesis is describes issues, challenges and limits of interventions involving older adults living at home. Finally, a reflection has been launched on issues not covered by the research and challenges of intervention in the Social Work-Gerontology practice.

Over the last few weeks, Annie was hired as a social worker at the CSSS de Memphrémagog. We wish her every success in her new career!

Two new articles published in the Canadian Review of Social Policy

Marie Beaulieu and contributors published an article entitled Moving forward : Prevention of abuse of older women in the post-immigration context in Canada in the Canadian Review of Social Policy. The article addresses the conclusions of a project aiming to draw up a joint research programme in the field of prevention of violence towards older immigrant women in Canada. The project was based on the study of existing literature on the various forms of violence perpetrated against the elderly and immigrant women, local meetings with key players from seven provinces, a public event held in Toronto, as well as a conference bringing together provincial stakeholders. The article analyses the pertinent sociopolitical contexts inherent to the two themes raised; the importance of intersectorality and the reduction of older immigrant women's vulnerability to mistreatment in order to maximize their level of resilience.

In addition, Marie Beaulieu co-authored the editorial of this issue, a special edition addressing aging entitled: «The strengths and flaws of aging policies in Canada».

Reference :

Matsuoka, A., Guruge, S., Koehn, S., Beaulieu, M., Ploeg, J. & al. (2013). Moving forward: Prevention of Abuse of Older Women in the Post-Immigration Context in Canada. Canadian Review of Social Policy/Revue canadienne de politique sociale, 68-69. 107-120.

Matsuka, A. Beaulieu, M., & Kitchen, B. (2013). Strengths and flaws of aging policies in Canada/ Les forces et les faiblesses des politiques du vieillissement au Canada. Canadian Review of Social Policy/Revue canadienne de politique sociale, 68-69. ii-xiii.

The Chair will be represented at the Council for the Protection of the Sick.

For the 12th consecutive year, the Conseil pour la protection des malades (Council for the Protection of the Sick) will hold its annual conference, on June 2 and 3, at the Hilton Hotel, in Quebec City. The theme of the event this year will be "The financial abuse of vulnerable persons".

Marie-Ève Bédard, a doctoral student, will be the host of a conference dinner highlighting the importance of the contribution and the role of users' and residents' committees combating mistreatment of older adults.

References:

Bédard, M-E., Beaulieu, M. (3 juin 2013). Rendre plus explicites les liens entre l'action de défense des droits des aînés, les comités des usagers et de résidents et la lutte à la maltraitance. Conférence annuelle du regroupement des comités des malades. Québec.

For more information about this conference, please visit the Web site:

http://cpm.qc.ca/ 

 


Active participation of the Chair at the IAGG Congress (International Association of Gerontology and Geriatrics).

From June 23 to 27, the 20th IAGG World Congress of Gerontology and Geriatrics will be held in Seoul, Korea. The Chair will lead at least five conferences, including two of them directly related to the mistreatment of older adults.

References:

Beaulieu, M. (June 23-27, 2013). Issues associated with multilingual and multicentric data collection in elder abuse in Canada in the Symposium Pilot study on abuse and neglect of older adults in Canada. The 20th IAGG World Congress of Gerontology and Geriatrics. Coex, (Seoul, Korea).

Beaulieu, M., Berg, N., Langendhries, D., Oudewater, M., & Belzile, L. (June 23-27, 2013). Adapting a Québec (French Canada) practice guide in elder abuse to the Walloon (French Belgium) context: En Mains (In hand) The 20th IAGG World Congress of Gerontology and Geriatrics. Coex, (Seoul, Korea).

Paris, M, Garon, S., & Beaulieu, M. (June 23-27, 2013). Is the "Struggle for Recognition" the Next Step in Critical Gerontology Studies? The 20th IAGG World Congress of Gerontology and Geriatrics. Coex, (Seoul, Korea).

Paris, M, Garon, S, Beaulieu, M., & Veil, A (June 23-27, 2013). Age-Friendly Cities in Quebec (Canada): Transferring Knowledge into Practice. The 20th IAGG World Congress of Gerontology and Geriatrics. Coex, (Seoul, Korea).

Garon, S., Beaulieu, M. & Paris, M. (June 23-27, 2013). Age-Friendly Cities in Quebec (Canada): Implementation and Evaluation of Seven Pilot Projects to 578 AFC. The 20th IAGG World Congress of Gerontology and Geriatrics. Coex, (Seoul, Korea).

For more information about this congress, please visit the Web site:

http://www.iagg2013.org/Eng/invitation-1.php 

 

 

The Chair provides knowledge on mistreatment of older adults in various university course. 

Improving the training of future practitioners is unquestionably a goal to pursue to improve on knowledge and influence practices. In the United States, the systematic insertion of gerontological content within the curricula has been positive with regard to students’ interest in older adults as well as their career prospects. Émilie Rousseau-Tremblay[1], M.A. Gerontology, questioned the initial training on aging in the curricula of schools of social work in 8 Quebec universities. Her study shows that, overall,  the schools of social work all see training in gerontology as the meeting of two individual choices, that of the student, and that of the professor, and this despite convincing evidence indicating that this strategy is ineffective.  Fortunately, this conception changed at the University of Sherbrooke in the fall of 2012 when, in the new degree program, the gerontological social work course became mandatory for all!

More specifically regarding training on mistreatment of older adults, several studies, including a Canadian[2] one with a small sample of health-care professionals, has shown that almost half of respondents after graduating had not received initial or continuing training on the subject. However, those having training after graduation fared better in identifying risk factors for mistreatment.

The Chair contributes to changing the state of things, in particular by including the thematic of mistreatment of older adults in several university courses. For example, the winter session 2013 has plenty to offer in this matter. Marie Beaulieu is full professor of the course Problèmes sociaux du vieillissement et travail social (Social problems of aging and social work) in the social work degree at the University of Sherbrooke. She also contributes to the course Profils vulnérables (Vulnerable profiles) given in the certificate in victimology at the University of Montreal (Laval campus) and in the course Dimensions biopsychosociales du vieillissement (Biopsychosocial dimensions of aging) of the masters micro-program Soutien conseil en gerontology (Support consultant in gerontology). Louise Belzile is in charge of the course Intervention auprès de la personne âgée(Intervention with the elderly person) which falls within the masters micro-program Intervention en gerontology (Intervention in Gerontology).



[1]  Rousseau-Tremblay, É., & Couturier, Y. (À paraître). Adéquation des formations universitaires en travail social aux défis que pose le vieillissement au Québec. Revue canadienne de service social.

[2]  Wong, C. and Marr, S. (2002).  Factors influencing health-care professionals in identifying and managing elder abuse: a preliminary report.  Geriatrics Today, 5.

Recent article in the journal Risques & Qualité, special issue on welfare. 

Marie Beaulieu published the article Contrer la maltraitance envers les personnes aînées au Québec. Bilan historique des politiques publiques et inventaire des principales actions (Countering mistreatment of older adults in Quebec.  Historic record of public policies and inventory of main actions) in the scientific and professional journal Risques & Qualité en milieu de soin (Risks and Quality in care environment) (December 2012).  The readership of this journal consists of researchers and professionals concerned by the quality and safety of care.

The article gives the results of 30 years’ fight against mistreatment of older adults in Quebec.  It describes the evolution of public documents (reports, action plans, policies, laws, etc.) which deal directly or indirectly with this fight. Some examples of innovative practices are also presented before concluding with a perspective of future societal challenges that need to be addressed.

New people join the Chair’s team 

Fifteen or so people now participate in the progress of the work of the Chair.

Caroline Pelletier joins the group of the five students (Marie-Ève Bédard, Louise Belzile, Marie Crevier, Annie Riendeau and Arzemina Spahic-Blazevic) whose research projects are directly related to the work of the Chair. Caroline looks at mistreatment committed by close relatives in the milieu of accommodation. Note also the participation of two graduates, former students at the Chair, who continue to make their contribution by pursuing dissemination of their work : Daphné-Maude Thivierge (legal protection of vulnerable older adults) and Fiona N. Grenon (self-neglect). Finally, two social service students (Roxane Leboeuf and Geneviève Thibault) contribute to literature reviewing.

Three research professionals, Johannie Bergeron-Patenaude, Monia D'amours and Joséphine Loock, have invested their efforts in funded projects.

Lastly, a technical and informational support team collaborates in the layout and the dissemination of the Chair’s activities and productions. Julie Brisebois works on linguistic revision, Aline Lavoie on informational database management, Pamela Neesham on the English translation of the various productions and Nicolas Roy is our Webmaster.

Active presence by the Chair at the 1st Francophone Congress on Frailty (Toulouse, April 2013)

The 1st Francophone Congress on Frailty of older adults will take place on April 17 and 18 at l’Hôtel Dieu Saint-Jacques de Toulouse. A symposium, organized and moderated by Marie Beaulieu, will focus specifically on « L’accompagnement de la maltraitance envers les personnes aînées dans quelques états de la francophonie : des pratiques en amont, en parallèle et en aval de la fragilité » («Mistreatment support for older adults in some French-speaking states : practices prior to, in parallel with and coming after frailty»). You will recognize the majority of the presenters who will speak at this symposium, as the Chair can count them among its valuable collaborators.

  • Fragilité, vulnérabilité et maltraitance envers les aînés : une recension systématique des écrits : M Beaulieu, M Crevier (Sherbrooke, Québec)
  • Réflexion sur la fragilité à partir des pratiques d’accompagnement de Alma France : R Moulias (Paris), F Busby (Bordeaux), C Chapelier (Toulouse)
  • Réflexion sur la fragilité à partir des pratiques d’accompagnement de Respect Seniors (Wallonie) : N Berg (Liège), D Langhendries (Namur), M Oudewater (Namur)

The Chair (Marie Beaulieu and Louise Belzile) with colleagues from Respect Seniors  (N. Berg, D. Langhendries and M. Oudewater) will also present a poster entitled Étude d’acceptabilité du guide de pratique En Mains (suivi de cas en maltraitance des aînés) en Wallonie. (Acceptability study of the In Hand practice guide (case monitoring mistreatment of older adults) in Wallonia.)

The Chair participated in the Une pilule, une petite granule program on Télé-QuÉbec 22 November.

This report deals with an original and unique response from the discussion Table Vivre et vieillir à Rosemont (Living and Aging in Rosemont), an in tandem project between the community police of the Montreal Police Department (SPVM) and Carrefour Montrose (Projet Soutien aux Victimes d’Abus - SAVA-Intervention)(Support for Abused Seniors Project – SAVA-Intervention) in situations of mistreatment of older adults, which started in Rosemont, Montreal, five years ago. A police officer, social community agent, criss-crosses the neighbourhood accompanied by a neighbourhood worker specialized in intervention with older adults. They perform both preventive work and follow up with older adults who have recently been in contact with the police. In this report, the Chairholder of the research Chair explains the phenomenon of mistreatment, its dynamics and its consequences. The report can be viewed at the following internet address: 

http://video.telequebec.tv/video/13132/maltraitance-envers-les-aines

Fiona Neesham-Grenon, master’s student in social work and case manager at the CSSS-IUGS, completed her thesis on self-neglect in the elderly.

L’autonégligence chez les aînés : des défis pour la pratique (Self-neglect in the elderly : challenges for practice). Here is how Fiona Neesham-Grenon presented her master’s work to an audience captivated by the themes she addresses. In recent weeks, Fiona has presented the results of her research to the regional coordinators of the Governmental Action Plan to Counter Elder Abuse 2010-2015, to representatives from the Seniors Secretariat, to members of the Walloon mission on visit in Sherbrooke as well as to her colleagues, the social workers at the CSSS-IUGS. 

Self-neglect is a concept with as yet poorly defined contours.  Is it related to a medical diagnosis? Is it mistreatment? Is it common? One thing is certain, these complex situations often lead to a feeling of heaviness and helplessness among social workers dealing with this as yet misnamed, poorly identified and misunderstood phenomenon. Thirteen practitioners from three CSSSs in the Eastern Townships accepted interviews during which they talked about their professional experiences with self-neglecting people. Their comments helped to meet the research objectives which were set as follows:

1. Reconstuct the meaning of the concept

2. Identify the challenges of practice, resources and actions put forward

3. Propose courses of action and thought

4. Consider the link between self-neglect and mistreatment

This work has identified four major challenges or practice issues facing the three main players convened in mistreatment intervention, which are the older adult, the social worker and the CSSS (practice setting). These challenges are management of risks, environmental pressures, collaboration of the older adult and the intensity and frequency of services. This exploratory research contributes to the development of knowledge by elaborating on this vagueness which constitutes practice with self-neglecting people. Avenues of research and intervention shed light on future work to support practice.

Well done Fiona!

The Chair tabled the report of its second year of operation (of five) to 31 OctoberPresentation of some of its achievements

Here are some highlights that have marked the year 2011-2012:

  • Publication of the book La maltraitance envers les aînés. Changer le regard by Presses de l’Université Laval
  • 22 research projects in progress (nine subsidized, six pro bono and seven student projects) of which four were completed in 2011-2012
  • Deployment of the website (important interviews, scientific watch, activities in progress, regular updating of news archives, etc.)
  • Completion of nine important interviews with international researchers (online soon on the website)
  • 29 publications and 39 scientific papers intended for various audiences (scientific, professional, in basic or continuing training, general public, etc.)
  • Welcoming of various visitors, among whom the Honorable Alice Wong, Minister of State for Seniors
  • Organization of three scientific seminars within the Chair
  • Consultation as an expert during the production of the public policy Vieillir et vivre ensemble (Aging and living together)
  • Expert witness before the Federal Parliament’s Standing Committee on Justice and Human Rights on Bill C-36 (to amend the Criminal Code on sentencing in mistreatment of older adult situations)
  • Recipient of the Mérite estrien award in the category of innovation, with Suzanne Garon, for the deployment of the AFC/AFM program (Age-Friendly Cities/Age-Friendly Municipalities) 
  • Significant presence in the media (at least 34 interviews given over the radio, on television or to newspapers)

Between 26 November and 1 December the Chair welcomed representatives of the Walloon Agency to fight elder abuse.

This activity is part of a collaboration project that the Seventh Joint Standing Committee Quebec-Wallonia-Brussels 2011-2013 gave the research Chair on mistreatment of older adults and the Walloon Agency to fight elder abuse, better known as Respect Seniors. This project entitled Joint discussions around the implementation of a tool linked to the fight against elder abuse (of which you can see the details under «Activities») has already led to the accomplishment of two Quebec missions in Belgium, whereas for the Walloons, it was a first mission in  Quebec. 

The Chair offered them a very busy and varied work schedule to enable them to feel the Quebec pulse in the fight against mistreatment.  Activities took place in Montreal and Sherbrooke:

  • Visit to the Carrefour Montrose for discussion on the SAVA (Support for abused seniors) project
  •  Participation in the annual Training of the regional coordinators of the Governmental Action Plan to Counter Elder Abuse
  • Working seminar with Chair members
  • Discussions with representatives of the Eastern Townships Table to counter mistreatment of older adults
  • Visit of the SQ (Sherbrooke) premises and presentation of their various programs for older adults
  • Meeting with the Elder Abuse Helpline officials and discussion on respective experiences of coordinating a helpline

By the end of the project (spring/summer 2012), two further missions will be in operation, one in Wallonia and the other in Quebec.

The Townships Merit Award

Marie Beaulieu, Chair holder and her colleague Suzanne Garon, have received the Townships Merit award for their work in the Age-Friendly Cities project (VADA), now named Age-Friendly Municipalities (MADA). The article entitled Chercheuses amies des aînés (Age-Friendly Researchers) appeared on October 8 in the Tribune newspaper and is available on line:

http://www.lapresse.ca/la-tribune/merite-estrien/201210/08/01-4581187-chercheuses-amies-des-aines.php?utm_categorieinterne=trafficdrivers&;utm_contenuinterne=cyberpresse_B2_merite-estrien_252727_section_POS1

To view Suzanne Garon’s profile, principal investigator of the project and professor at Sherbrooke University:

http://www.usherbrooke.ca/service-social/nous-joindre/personnel-enseignant/garon-suzanne/

PhotoLaTribune8oct.2012 (1)
© The Press, Ltd.. All rights reserved. (en anglais)

Marie Beaulieu, has been invited, as an expert witness, to the Standing Committee on Justice and Human Rights of the House of Commons of Canada. 

The Standing Committee on Justice and Human Rights is currently studying Bill C-36, an Act to amend the Criminal Code (abuse) and Marie Beaulieu, Chair holder, has been invited to comment on the issue.  A videoconference will take place on Tuesday, October 2, 2012 at the end of the day.

For more information on the Bill:

 

The report of Me Turmel’s conference held on September 11 is available: Exchange of confidential information when the safety of a person is threatened. (L’échange de renseignements confidentiels lorsque la sécurité d’une personne est menacée.)

Exchange of confidential information: some legal guidelines to guide our practices to combat mistreatment of older adults 

On Tuesday September 11, about fifty representatives of public, semi-public and community/social economy bodies from the Eastern Townships region took part, at the CSSS-IUGS, in a conference given by Me Audrey Turmel which was organized jointly by Paul Martel (Eastern Townships coordinator for the implementation of the Governmental Action Plan to Counter Elder Abuse), the Eastern Townships table to counter mistreatment of older adults and the research Chair on mistreatment of older adults. The next day, about fifty participants from Sherbrooke (CSSS practitioners and representatives from the financial community) took advantage of this training activity. Me Turmel, from the Ministry of Justice, is involved in the implementation of the Governmental Action Plan to Counter Elder Abuse 2010-2015, which was made public on June 14, 2010.  The conference was directly linked to the commitment aiming at « the development of tools and examples to support professionals dealing with situations where confidentiality is at stake». This conference makes sense in the context where intersectoral work is consistently called upon in the response to mistreatment of older adults.  From this there arise the following questions: what to share, with whom, in what contexts and with what prior authorization?

From the outset, Me Turmel reiterated that a professional cannot be released from his obligation of confidentiality unless the client explicitly and tacitly waives this obligation unequivocally in a clear and voluntary way.  She then elaborated on the distinct concepts of «confidentiality» and «organizational secrecy» before recalling the existence of exceptions allowing disclosure of personal information without the consent of the holder as stipulated by laws[1].  She subsequently explained to participants that the law[2] also provides flexible conditions of confidentiality and organizational secrecy in certain circumstances.  Indeed, the Act to amend various legislative provisions in relation to the disclosure of confidential information in order to ensure the protection of persons (L.R.Q 2001, c. 78) entails the lifting of secrecy as being possible where the concern is «to prevent an act of violence, including a «suicide», «when there is reasonable cause» to believe that there is imminent danger of death or serious injuries to a person or an identifiable group of persons».

The question period ending this multi-sectoral meeting was a valuable opportunity for sharing practical experiences and findings from research activities.  Among others, constructive exchange took place on the question of writing clinical records of people who live in situations of mistreatment. These situations, which create a lot of uncertainty, as much in the step of identifying the problem as in the choice of solutions put forward, call for prudent practice characterized by the complexity and the uniqueness of interventions for which ready-made solutions are not appropriate. Clinical as well as legal points of view, the necessity of recording complete progress notes that include not only the results of interventions but also professional impressions was discussed. This desirable practice, even required[3] in borderline cases (that is, those that are not obvious), allows keeping track of chronological acts that are reported by the person as well as the results of interventions undertaken, but it also allows tracing the significance and validity of the choices that have been made in terms of actions taken and those set aside.  This way of recording events and professional assumptions makes possible, if necessary, the transition from mere suspicion to reasonable cause to believe that a person’s life may be in danger, for example, in situations of mistreatment of older adults.  In this vein, Me Turmel plans discussions with professional bodies in the framework of the mandate entrusted to her by the Quebec Minister of Justice. 

The PowerPoint of Me Turmel’s conference is available, with her consent, on the website of the research Chair on mistreatment of older adults through the following link: http://www.maltraitancedesaines.com.


[1] Art. 59 of the Act respecting acces to documents held by public bodies and the protection of personal information; art. 18 of the Act on the protection of personal information.

[2] In 2001, the legislature passed a draft law (P.L. 180) that would modify the rules of professional secrecy and relax the requirement of confidentiality of personal information.  Giving precedence to the right to life and safety, ensuring also that  interference with respect for privacy and confidentiality be minimal.

[3]Based on the results of a thesis in Gerontology available at the documentation center; Belzile, L. (décembre 2010). Analyse des pratiques de tenue de dossiers cliniques des gestionnaires de cas sous l’angle de la continuité comme attribut essentiel de la qualité des services. Mémoire de maîtrise en gérontologie. Faculté de médecine et des sciences de la santé. Université de Sherbrooke. (Belzile, L. (December 2010). ( Analysis of case managers’ clinical record-keeping practices in terms of continuity as an essential attribute of service quality. Thesis in Gerontology.  Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences. University of Sherbrooke.  )

The Chair will participate in the Colloque international Parcours de vulnérabilité au grand âge : pratiques sociales et régulations juridiques (International Symposium  Path vulnerability in old age : social practices and legal regulations, which will take place this October 11 and 12 at Brest in Brittany.

Marie Beaulieu will present a conference entitled : Parcours de vie et vulnérabilité à la maltraitance : données issues de l’étude pilote pancanadienne sur la maltraitance envers les personnes aînées. (Life path and vulnerability to mistreatment: data from the pan Canadian pilot study on mistreatment of older adults).

« A part of individuals faces a weakening of their capacity to act during ageing.  Differences in situation are then significant according to health status but also according to resources in the environment, both individual and social.  Maintaining autonomy – in the sense of being able to decide for oneself – including contexts of high dependency on the services of others, results from the existence of favorable social conditions.  In other contexts, a process described by use of the terms frailty, dependence, vulnerability and exclusion takes place suddenly or gradually.

The conference reflects the aging path resulting from dynamics present within configurations of actors (individuals, family members, professionals). The work of sociologists, jurists and political scientists focusing on social practices and the appropriation of legal arrangements will be presented and discussed.

 

This conference has four objectives:

 

- Promote scientific exchanges between researchers whose work focuses on issues of aging, life path and vulnerability, at the French and international levels.

-  Develop existing collaborations between researchers and public policy actors, health care professionals, from the medical-social and legal sectors in the field of aging. 

-  Make public research results to the scientific community of jurists and sociologists.

-  Elaborate new research questions likely to mobilize the scientific community.


Scientific and organizing committee:


ARS-UBO (EA 3149) : F. Le Borgne-Uguen, scientific coordinator

H. Hudebine, S. Pennec, F. Douguet (UBS)

CRDP-UBO (EA 3881) : M. Rebourg,scientific coordinator

Y. Favier (Univ. Chambéry), D. Guérin-Seysen,

Social and health Chair Link- EHESP : B. Le Bihan, A. Campéon, C. Martin.

 

The organizing teams are completing a research project entitled : «Pathways of vulnerability in old age : the patient, the user, the major protected» (« Parcours de vulnérabilité au grand âge : le malade, l’usager, le majeur protégé ») coordinated by the University of Brest.  This research was funded by the National Agency of Research within the framework of the project call: «Vulnerabilities: towards the articulation of health and social development» (« Les vulnérabilités : à l’articulation du sanitaire et du social »).

 

« A part of individuals faces a weakening of their capacity to act during ageing.  Differences in situation are then significant according to health status but also according to resources in the environment, both individual and social.  Maintaining autonomy – in the sense of being able to decide for oneself – including contexts of high dependency on the services of others, results from the existence of favorable social conditions.  In other contexts, a process described by use of the terms frailty, dependence, vulnerability and exclusion takes place suddenly or gradually.

 

The conference reflects the aging path resulting from dynamics present within configurations of actors (individuals, family members, professionals). The work of sociologists, jurists and political scientists focusing on social practices and the appropriation of legal arrangements will be presented and discussed.

 

The organizing teams are completing a research project entitled : «Pathways of vulnerability in old age : the patient, the user, the major protected» (« Parcours de vulnérabilité au grand âge : le malade, l’usager, le majeur protégé ») coordinated by the University of Brest.  This research was funded by the National Agency of Research within the framework of the project call: «Vulnerabilities: towards the aticulation of health and social development» (« Les vulnérabilités : à l’articulation du sanitaire et du social »). [1]


[1] This information is taken in full from the information brochure of the conference.

Marie Beaulieu has been invited by the Research Group in Financial Services Law (GRDSF) at Laval University to give a conference on the legal protection of older adults from financial exploitation. The event will take place on Friday, September 28 in room 2419 of the Charles-De-Koninck pavilion at Laval University 

Conference summary:

The extent of mistreatment in Canada: a pilot study. In February 2012, a team of pan Canadian researchers published the results of a pilot study on the extent of mistreatment of older adults. Based on the life path, this study focuses not only on mistreatment experienced as an older adult but also that experienced as a child or adult. It puts into perspective both the more objective dimensions of mistreatment while also giving voice to older adults to express their views on their experience.  This conference will address the main findings of the study, clearly stating the methodological choices made. Particular attention will be given to material and financial types of mistreatment.

This coming September 27, Marie Beaulieu, Chairholer of the research Chair, will present a conference in collaboration with Sonia Gilbert (Centre jeunesse de la Montérégie) (Montérégie youth center) entitled : Lutter contre l’âgisme : agir en prévention de la maltraitance envers les personnes aînées. (Fighting ageism: acting to prevent mistreatment of older adults).

The conference will be held in the framework of the Network of Provincial Users’ Committees (RPCU) congress  in St-Hyacinthe, Québec.

Conference summary:

Society is increasingly concerned by mistreatment of older adults.  Mistreatment has no age, it strikes everywhere; children and adolescents can also be victims of mistreatment.  This conference aims to highlight the similarities and the differences related to these two groups (older adults and children) and start thinking about a perturbing reality from a more global perspective.

The privileged theme is De la réflexion à l’action! (From thought into action!) To view the program for these two days of conference, visit the RPCU website: http://www.rpcu.qc.ca/fr/act-congres-programme.aspx

The research Chair is pleased to welcome two new research professionals into the team: Josephine Loock and Louise Brossard.

 Josephine Loock holds an MA in economics and management of health and social services, with a major in sociology of aging and a BA in political science. Her studies as well as her years of practical experience have enabled her to develop extensive knowledge in gerontology and more specifically in the field of mistreatment of older adults. Madam Loock will carry out interviews for the Chair with renowned international researchers in the field of mistreatment of older adults.  The interviews will then be posted on this website.

Louise Brossard holds an MA in sociology and a BA in social work. She practiced community organization for 12 years and subsequently held research and teaching posts.  These years of experience have enabled her to develop strong skills in research, writing, content analysis, synthesis, organization and communication. Madam Brossard will work for the Chair initially in conducting a systematic review of scientific articles in the field of mistreatment of older adults published in Quebec and will then make a synthesis which will be posted on the website.

 

 Jos®phine Loock  Louise Brossard
Joséphine Loock Louise Brossard

 

On August 27, the Chair was visited by the Honorable Alice Wong, Minister of State (Seniors), Government of Canada.

The Honorable Alice Wong met the research Chair holder and her team in an informal setting. The objective of the meeting was to take account of the Chair’s current work and of that to come.  The exchanges were strongly rewarding.  The entire Chair team greatly thanks the Honorable Alice Wong for her visit and for the interest she showed in the research Chair’s scientific dynamism!

http://pm.gc.ca/eng/bio.asp?id=97

Martine Noreau has been hired as coordinator of the Arrimage (Synchronization) research project.

The new coordinator of the Arrimage (Synchronization) research-action project took office on August 27.  This 3-year research-action project aims to document and model the intersectoral work to combat mistreatment of older adults.  The model will be implemented, its effects will be evaluated and a final model, enriched by the contributions collected through research-action will then be disseminated.  The peculiarity of the project is that it is being carried out in partnership with various bodies in the milieu, such as:  the Montreal Police Department (SPVM), the CSSS (Health and Social Services Center) of that territory, community organizations – including the Carrefour Montrose through its SAVA (Soutien aux Aînées Victimes d’Abus) (Support for Victimes of Elder Abuse) program, the regional coordinators of the Governmental Action Plan to Counter Elder Abuse 2010-2015, among others.

Martine Noreau photo2
Martine Noreau

The Chair, in partnership with the Table of concertation against mistreatment of older adults in the Eastern Townships, will host Me Audrey Turmel this coming September 11 in the context of a conference on issues of confidentiality.

The Chair and Mr. Paul Martel, Regional Coordinator in the mistreatment action Plan for the Eastern Townships region and representative of the Table of concertation against ill-treatment of older adults in the Eastern Townships, join forces to receive Me Audrey Turmel, from the Directorate of guidelines and politics of the Quebec Ministry of Justice. Me Turmel is a member of the interdepartmental committee that monitors the governmental action Plan to counter elder abuse 2010-2015. The conference entitled « l’échange de renseignements confidentiels lorsque la sécurité d’une personne est menacée » (the exchange of confidential information when the safety of an individual is threatened) will take place this coming September 11.

This conference is long-awaited. The various agencies consulted in the regional diagnosis on the response to mistreatment in the Eastern Townships have argued that confidentiality and the limits to the transmission of information between partners are a major hindrance to protecting and assisting mistreated older adults.

The Minister Marguerite Blais has made a positive assessment of the review of the second year of the national action plan to counter elder abuse 2010-2015.

On June 14, at a press conference, the Minister Blais reported on the review of the second year of the action plan. The Chair was represented. To view this press conference, visit the website of the Quebec National Assembly at the following address : http://www.assnat.qc.ca/fr/video-audio/AudioVideo-42507.html

The research Chair team has three new student members! We extend them our welcome.

Three Social Work students at Sherbrooke University have joined the Chair’s team. Arzemina Spahic Blazevic will begin the second year of her Masters in Social Work this fall. She is interested in the situation of caregivers in the immigration context.

Annie Riendeau will also begin her second year of the Masters in Social Work. Her area of interest focuses on training on mistreatment of older adults and issues of inter agencies dialogue.

Finally, Franz Siméon will begin his Masters in Social Work this fall and he is interested in intersectoral intervention in the field of mistreatment. For further details on their profiles and their contribution to certain of the Chair’s research projects, consult the Team tab.

Fiona N. Grenon’s work on self-neglect among the elderly has begun to be disseminated!

 

Fiona N. Grenon, social worker and final year Masters in Social Work student, research option, at Sherbrooke University, became interested in the issue of self-neglect among older adults as part of her thesis entitled « l’intervention en travail social auprès de personnes aînées en situation d’autonégligence » (social work intervention with older adults experiencing self-neglect). The scientific and social interest aroused by this issue has led to three reports: an article on the Sherbrooke University website, an interview with Radio-Canada and an article in the newspaper La Nouvelle. Here are the links to read and to listen to Fiona N. Grenon, who explains the complexity of social intervention with older adults experiencing self-neglect:


http://www.usherbrooke.ca/medias/nouvelles/recherche/recherche-details/article/18446/


http://www.radio-canada.ca/audio-video/pop.shtml#urlMedia=http://www.radio-canada.ca/Medianet/2012/CBF_SHR/Estrieexpress201205111523.asx

The first book stemming from the work of the research Chair on mistreatment of older adults has come out! La maltraitance envers les aînés : changer le regard

A pre-launch of the book took place on March 30 at the Forum of partners set up by the Governmental Action Plan to Counter Elder Abuse 2010-2015

Marie Beaulieu presented the book at the Quebec Book Fair on April 14. The official launching took place on april 26 and 27 through a press tour organized by the sherbrooke research center on aging.

For more information on the book : meet the lead author through the website of the Presses de l’Université Laval : http://www.pulaval.com/catalogue/maltraitance-envers-les-aines-changer-regard-9762.html

Dédicace (Marie)400x408
 Image couverture du livre
Les co-auteurs 400x491


Forum of partners 2012: the Chair was present

The second edition of the Forum of partners took place on March 30 and brought together national non-governmental organizations as well as ministries and governmental organizations involved in the fight against mistreatment of Quebec older adults. The Chair participated.

Marie Beaulieu, chair holder of the research Chair, was invited to present, very briefly, a review of the work carried out by the Chair as part of the second year of the Governmental Action Plan.

For more details on the course of this rich day of exchanges and assessment, please visit the website of the Department of Family and Seniors.

 The Chair gets started on a new research project

“.Arrimage”: Intersectoral working model to counter mistreatment of older adults 

Arrimage” is a research-action project which aims, firstly, to document and model the intersectoral work to fight mistreatment of older adults from the innovative practices currently being tried out in the north-east region of Montreal, to then implement the model, evaluate its effects and then disseminate the final model that will have been enriched by the research-action.

 

The Chair has recently published two scientific articles in the journal Journal of elder abuse and neglect

McDonald, L., Beaulieu, M., Harbison, J., Hirst, S., Lowenstein, A., Podnieks, E., & Wahl, J. (2012). Institutional Abuse of Older Adults: What We Know, What We Need to Know. Journal of Elder Abuse and Neglect, 24(2), 138-160.

Harbison, J., Coughlan, S., Beaulieu, M., Karabanow, J., VanderPlaat, M., Wildeman S., & Wexler, E. (2012). Understanding "elder abuse and neglect": a critique of assumptions underpinning the responses to the mistreatment and neglect of older people. Journal of Elder Abuse and Neglect, 24(2), 88-103.

The Chair is organizing two international symposia on mistreatment of older adults in the context of the Réiactis symposium (Réseau de recherche international sur l’âge, la citoyenneté et l’insertion économique) which will be held in Dijon (France) on this coming January 24 and 25.

These two symposia will bring together in turn international researchers from the French-speaking world, then from the world as a whole, in a reflection on the evolution of public policy concerning mistreatment over the last ten years. Involved will be France, Belgium (Wallonia), Switzerland, Netherlands, India, Israel, Germany and, of course, Quebec.

Beaulieu, M., Berg, N., Roulet-Schwab, D., & Busby, F. (January 25, 2012) Symposium: «The fight against mistreatment: what developments in Francophone states of social policy and practices since the adoption of the Madrid International Plan of Action on Ageing?» , Réiactis International Symposium «The Right to Age». January 2012, Dijon (France).

Beaulieu, M., Kapur Shankardass, M., Lowenstein, A., Schols, J., Bleijlevens, M., Brucker, U. (January 26, 2012). Symposium: «Mistreatment of older adults; an international overview on social policies in force and their effect 10 years after the adoption of the Madrid International Plan of Action on Ageing», Réiactis International Symposium «The Right to Age». January 2012, Dijon (France).

 

Recently, two articles taken from essays produced in the context of the Chair’s work (ageism and improvement in the practice of the fight against mistreatment) have been published.

In autumn, 2011, two holders of master’s degrees in social service from Sherbrooke University, Cynthia Brunet and Josée Lévesque, published an article taken from their essay in two consecutive issues of the journal Vie et Vieillissement. You can obtain these articles, in PDF format, in the «Productions/Publications» section of our website.

Lévesque, J. & Beaulieu, M. (2011). Lutter contre l’âgisme par le biais d’activités intergénérationnelles: réflexions tirées d’une pratique. Vie et Vieillissement, (9)3, 6-12. . (Fighting ageism through intergenerational activities: reflections from practice).

Brunet, C. & Beaulieu, M. (2011). Bonifier les changements de pratique à la suite d’une formation continue en milieu de travail : réflexion tirée de l’expérience d’implantation du guide de pratique En Mains (intervention en maltraitance envers les aînés). Vie et Vieillissement, (9)2, 52-58. (Improving practice changes following training in a work setting: reflection from the experience of the implementation of the ethical decision-making framework In Hand (intervention in mistreatment of older adults).

The Chair will present a conference at the colloquium «How to help? Challenges and issues of intervention in the context of mistreatment of older adults» which will be held on this coming February 17 in Montreal (Quebec, Canada).

This colloquium, organized by the Elder Abuse Helpline, will be the occasion to draw up a summary of the actions undertaken since the implementation of the Governmental Action Plan to counter Elder Abuse. Marguerite Blais, Minister Responsible for Seniors, will give an allocution. The researchers Marie Beaulieu, Lise Montminy and Michèle Charpentier will also speak. To register: www.creges.ca.

Beaulieu, M. (February 17, 2012). Mistreatment of older adults: how far have we come since the 80’s? Colloquium: «How to help? Challenges and issues of intervention in the context of mistreatment of older adults» organized by the Elder Abuse Helpline and the Crégès (Centre for Research and Expertise in Social Gerontology) of the CSSS-Cavendish. Montreal (Quebec, Canada).

 

The Chair will receive Jutta Lindert, Ph.D., this coming March 21, at lunchtime, in the auditorium of the Research Centre on Aging, Sherbrooke, Quebec, for a public conference 

In the context of its ties with international researchers, the Chair will hold a public conference this coming March 21. The professor and researcher Jutta Lindert, from the Protestant University of Ludwigsburg (Germany), will present her work as principal researcher in a comparative study of the incidence of mistreatment in five European countries.   Her presentation: Elder Abuse – Results from a Multinational Study and Challenges for further Research will highlight the issues of culture, but also the methods used in comparative studies between countries.   Welcome to all!

The Chair will attend the 40ieth Annual Scientific and Educational Meeting of the Canadian Association of Gerontology and the 4th Pan-American Congress of the International Association of Gerontology and Geriatrics which will be held in Ottawa from 21 October to 23 October 2011.

Within the context of the 40ieth Annual Scientific and Educational Meeting of the Canadian Association of Gerontology and the 4th Pan-American Congress of the International Association of Gerontology and Geriatrics, the Research Chair on Mistreatment of Older Adults will participate in the symposium: Emerging National/Regional Strategies for Preventing and Addressing Abuse and Neglect in Later Life. Marie Beaulieu, chairholder of the research Chair on mistreatment of older adults, will give a conference entitled, Mistreatment of Older Adults in the Americas: What Are the Research Directions? The conference will take place on Saturday, 22 October 2011, at the Hotel Westin Ottawa, in Ontario.

Description of the symposium:

In both the northern and southern hemispheres cases of elder abuse and neglect have been reported since the mid-1960s. As was true of child abuse and spousal abuse, much of the early efforts to address the problem were undertaken on an ad hoc basis by individuals, NGOs and public agencies at the local level; research was sparse and mainly qualitative. This symposium, organized by the International Network for Prevention of Elder Abuse (INPEA), reviews progress in policy and legislation, programs, practice and research in the Americas, with emphasis on emergent regional and national strategies. Jordan Kosberg INPEA Representative for the USA, will provide an overview of initiatives at the state and federal level with respect to legislation, awareness raising and provision of information. Charmaine Spencer, INPEA Representative for Canada will provide an update on adult protection legislation in the 13 provinces/ territories, highlighting hat can be learned from the different approaches. She will also describe key elements and objectives of the recent federal elder abuse initiative. Next, Martha Liliana Giraldo, INPEA Representative for Mexico, will describe the development of response to elder abuse and neglect by government, health and social care providers and researchers in her country. Research will be the main focus of the fourth speaker, Marie Beaulieu, INPEA Representative for North America. Her presentation will describe findings form a survey of topics being researched in the USA, Canada, Mexico and other countries in Latin American and the Caribbean. Discussant Gloria Gutman, President of INPEA, will provide a global perspective.

Description of Marie Beaulieu’s conference:

Elder abuse, or mistreatment of seniors, is an important social, political and public health issue in the countries of the Americas as elsewhere in world. The Madrid Plan of Action on Aging, which will celebrate its 10th anniversary in 2012, highlighted the importance of countries addressing the issue. Besides seeing some changes in social policies and practice, we have also witnessed an increase in knowledge. Reflecting the infancy of the field, prior to Madrid many papers attempted to define elder abuse and attributed a set of "static" characteristics to both victims and abusers. Since 2002, we have witnessed the publication of several more sophisticated incidence and prevalence studies and numerous studies on complex issues related to identifying and intervening in elder abuse situations. In this paper, based on information provided by INPEA's national and regional representatives, we will present a review of current research in the Americas. The data were gathered in order to identify topics and issues that are being explored in the different countries. From this review, we will be able to give first answers to the questions "What do we know about elder abuse in the Americas?"; "What are the avenues that are being explored?"; "What are the avenues that we could gain from exploring?"; and "How can we work better together in order to gain comparative knowledge?".

For further information on the Congress, please consult the website of the Canadian Association of Gerontology.

Participation of the Chair at the Annual Training Session of the Adult Protective Services of USA

The Research Chair on Mistreatment of Older Adults attended the Annual Training Session of the Adult Protective Services of USA, at Buffalo, New York State, of which the theme was: Stemming the Tide of Adult Abuse. National Perspectives. Marie Beaulieu gave a conference on 21 September 2011 entitled: ‟Canadian ways to address Elder Abuse: Highlights from 13 Jurisdictions”. This presentation fell within the framework of a workshop on international perspectives concerning mistreatment of older adults.

The following is a brief description of the workshop:

There are no cultural or political barriers to mistreatment of older adults. The mistreatment of vulnerable older adults has been documented in several regions. Two specialists in mistreatment of older adults, Marie Beaulieu from Canada and Kathleen Day from Australia, presented a profile of mistreatment in their respective countries and the means envisaged to address this issue. Marie Beaulieu, who is the North American representative to the International Network for the Prevention of Elder Abuse (INPEA), also addressed mistreatment in terms of a global perspective.

This Congress was a great opportunity to meet various agents involved in Adult Protective Services and to become familiar with their initiatives and approaches to training and intervention in the context of mistreatment. We also shared on the issues and debates surrounding the legal obligation to denounce mistreatment situations. In addition, we noticed that the intervention situations raising the most clinical issues are those surrounding self-negligence. This differs from our practice in Québec where these situations tend to be considered as indicative of mental health problems.

Launching of the Research Chair on Mistreatment of Older Adults website

It is with great enthusiasm that the Research Chair on Mistreatment of Older Adults on 22 October 2011 launched its website. We invite you to regularly consult this site, because we will be adding content in the coming weeks and we will update it regularly. This platform provides updated knowledge and information on research initiatives in the field of mistreatment of older adults.

Enjoy your visit to our website!

2nd training of the regional coordinators of the Governmental Action Plan to Counter Elder Abuse 2010-2015

A founding action of the Governmental Action Plan to Counter Elder Abuse 2010-2015, the creation of regional coordinators, has been in place since spring 2011. The coordinators are committed to their environment and play a pivotal role in promoting dialogue and partnership between the various local and regional agencies. Their mandate is in particular to provide a profile of services offered and resources available throughout their sector and to establish close ties between local agencies so as to ensure effective services geared towards countering mistreatment.

The training sessions aim to equip the coordinators so that they can play a full role in their community. The Research Chair on Mistreatment of Older Adults is responsible for the mistreatment component, while Denis Bourque of UQO, chair holder of the Canadian Research Chair on community organisation, deals with the section relating to intersectoral work. A first training took place in May 2011 wherein were exposed, among others, the Action Plan, the place of older adults in society and general knowledge related to mistreatment. The 2nd training, which will take place on 25 October 2011 in Montreal, will address in particular the continuum of services in the struggle to counter mistreatment and the tools available for prevention, detection and intervention.