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Student’s name: :

Caroline Pelletier

Diplomas: :

Bachelor's degree in Psychology (2005)

Master's degree in Social Work with focus in Gerontology (2008)

Current studies:

Ph.D. in Gerontology

Subject of study project:

Mistreatment of older adults living in nursing homes by relatives

Scholarships and amounts received:

• Institutional scholarship from the University of Sherbrooke $3,500 (May 2013)

• Scholarship from the Research Chair $12,000$/year

• Scholarship (promoting work) from the University of Sherbrooke (for Liege, May 2014, up to $750)

• Scholarship supporting the dissemination of the RQRV's research results de for the CIFGG in Liege ($1,000)

Completion date:

Doctorate start date: January 2013

Links to the Chair’s objectives:

Objective 3: Formulating an evaluative research program of the most diversified, complementary and effective actions (prevention, detection and intervention) to prevent and counter mistreatment.

Problem:

According to the Government of Quebec (2013), 3% of the elderly population lives in CHSLDs (long-term care facilities). Mistreatment of older adults living in nursing homes, although less documented than mistreatment at home, has been a long-standing social concern for more than 30 years (Government of Quebec, 2010). It is recognized as being rational elements, but also of more systemic and organizational aspects (Beaulieu, 2007). Most of the work identified staff as a source of mistreatment while situations when older adults mistreated each other, mistreated the staff or are still mistreated by their relatives remain largely unexplored. We are particularly interested in the last subject, which is very poorly documented.

Goal or research question:

How situations of mistreatment of older adults living in nursing homes, committed by relatives, are "addressed"?

Objectives:

1) Outline the ways in which situations of mistreatment of older adults living in nursing homes, committed by relatives, are detected and issues associated with them.

2) Describe, from an analytical and critical perspective, the various stages of monitoring professional actions of these situations by highlighting inherent challenges of these practices.

3) Given the fact that is it an unknown phenomenon, a first conceptualization might be suggested, even a first typification of these situations.

4) Propose avenues for professional actions (prevention/detection/direct intervention) to counter these situations of mistreatment.

Methodology:

This part of the thesis has not been yet developed. Here is what is planned.

Our quotation will be exploratory and qualitative. We will do a case study of mistreatment committed by relatives during a giving year in 4 CHSLDs of the Sherbrooke area (Pavilions: d'Youville, Argyll, St-Vincent and St-Joseph). The targeted case studies will be explanatory and will aim at understanding the event process of (Martinson and O'Brien, 2010) mistreatment of an older adult living in a CHSLD committed by relatives, its commission (or identification) at the end of the specific period of monitoring. Data Sources: interviews with the staff, record tracking, indirect observations, if possible interviews with older adults who face these situations. The development of an interview guide will be necessary to determine questions to be asked and the time they should be asked (Straw, 1991). We will also have an analysis grid of cases, an indirect observation protocol, and an interview guide in order to meet with seniors. Our data will be analyzed by case, and then there will be comparison between the cases.

Work progress:

Literature review to be completed

Communications :

N.a.

Publications:

Pelletier, C., & Beaulieu, M. (submitted on November 3, 2013, accepted in November 2013). La maltraitance commise par des proches envers les aînés hébergés : émergence d'une problématique peu documentée. Vie et vieillissement.

Last update:

February 23, 2014

Student’s name: :

Marie-Ève Dion

Diplomas: :

Bachelor's degree in Arts with a major in Psychology, Bishop's University (2004)

Current studies:

Master' degree in Social Work, University of Sherbrooke

Subject of study project:

Elder abuse: Avenues of interventions promoting collaboration between social practitioners and the police aimed at countering physical abuse against seniors.

Scholarships and amounts received:

N.a.

Completion date:

From fall 2014 to winter 2016

Links to the Chair’s objectives:

N.a.

Problem:

Police officers are called on to intervene in a number of situations of abuse. Their action falls in line with an intersectorial approach which poses challenges. In our paper, we wish to identify the difficulties preventing the achievement of an effective collaboration between the police and social practitioners who are working in partnership in situations of physical abuse against seniors.

Goal or research question:

How to improve the partnership between social practitioners and the police in order to better identify situations of physical abuse among seniors?

Objectives:

Assessing current practices;

Identifying avenues to be enhanced;

Developing quick access to assistance and support services following elder abuse in order to reduce the risk of new victimizations.

Methodology:

Not determined at this time.

Work progress:

It is underway

Communications :

N.a.

Publications:

N.a.

Last update:

February 24, 2014

Student’s name: :

Marie Crevier

Diplomas: :

Bachelor's degree in Social Work, University of Sherbrooke (2005)

Master's degree in Social Work, University of Sherbrooke (2009)

Current studies:

Ph.D. in Gerontology, University of Sherbrooke

Subject of study project:

Volunteers involved in the fight against mistreatment : a study of the Care practice

Scholarships and amounts received:

• 2011 J-A Bombardier Doctoral Fellowship ($105,000, a total of $35,000 per year over three years) (CRSH-C)

• 2010 The Interdisciplinary Research Center on Family Violence and Violence against Women (CRI-VIFF)

• 2010 : Interdisciplinary research training on health and aging: doctoral award ($5,000)

• 2010 Institutional scholarship from the University of Sherbrooke paired with the Research Centre on Aging ($8,000)

Completion date:

Start date of the doctorate : 2010

Links to the Chair’s objectives:

Objective 1: Developing, on one hand, theoretical, empirical and practice-based knowledge on factors of vulnerability and risk associated with mistreatment and, on the other hand, the consequences of mistreatment.

Problem:

Aging is frequently associated with the concept of vulnerability. Now, the latter is often denounced due to the fact that it evokes an individual representation of aging. In this regard, Soulet (2005) proposed to reconsider the vulnerability, and this, in moving away from its intrinsic character. The study of practices with abused seniors is an excellent way of questioning representations of vulnerability. Volunteers working with abused seniors will be specifically interviewed in the context of this study. These volunteers are part of the Care, which is both a provision (solicitude, paying attention to others) and a practice (Tronto, 2009).

Goal or research question:

Our thesis aims at understanding how practices of volunteers involved in the fight against elder abuse are part of the Care perspective.

Objectives:

Our specific objectives are:

1) Documenting the volunteers' practices working in Quebec-based organizations dedicated to the fight against elder abuse;

2) Identifying the meaning of the moral commitment experience (Tronto, 2009) of volunteers involved in the fight against elder abuse;

3) Identifying (from volunteers' stories) the way in which the practice of volunteers involved in the fight against elder abuse falls under the Care perspective.

Methodology:

A multiple-case study (Yin, 2009) of the practices of volunteers involved in the fight against elder abuse in Quebec-based organizations that will identify both the organizations dedicated to the fight against elder abuse, and in a more specific way, the special practices of volunteers. The data collection will focus on several data sources. Data will be subject to a content analysis (Straw and Mucheilli, 2009). Our analysis will be aimed at identifying, in which way the volunteers' practices are part of the Care and how these practices can occur similarly or differently in each case (Yin, 2009).

Work progress:

Comprehensive examination in the spring of 2014 and data collection beginning in the summer of 2014.

Communications :

Crevier, M., Beaulieu, M. & Couturier, Y. (April 20, 2012). Vulnérabilité ou processus de vulnérabilisation des personnes aînées en situation de maltraitance ? La contribution du genre dans la problématisation de cette question à partir d'une recension systématique des écrits. Centre de recherche interdisciplinaire sur la violence faite aux femmes et la violence familiale, 5ième colloque étudiant, Montréal, Québec.

Crevier, M. & Beaulieu, M. (May 30, 2011). Maltraitance des femmes aînées: Étude de la vulnérabilité et analyse différenciée selon le genre. Centre de recherche interdisciplinaire sur la violence faite aux femmes, 2ième colloque international sur la violence faite aux femmes, Montréal, Québec.

Crevier, M. & Beaulieu, M. (December 3, 2010). Maltraitance des personnes aînées : étude de la vulnérabilité et analyse différenciée selon le genre. Réunion scientifique et éducative annuelle, Association canadienne de gérontologie, Montréal, Québec

Crevier, M. & Beaulieu, M. (June 10, 2010). Maltraitance des femmes aînées, vulnérabilité et analyse différenciée selon le genre. Colloque étudiant du Centre de recherche interdisciplinaire sur la violence familiale et la violence faite aux femmes. Université Laval, Québec, Québec.

Publications:

Marie Crevier has contributed to the publication of articles which are not directly related to her study project. To see them, check for the Publications tab of the website, by clicking on the following link: http://www.maltraitancedesaines.com/en/customized-training/publications 

Last update:

February 21, 2014

Title :

General public awareness and training of future practitioners regarding mistreatment of older adults: the Wallonia-Quebec experience.

Principal researcher :

Marie Beaulieu

Nicolas Berg, Respect Seniors, Belgium

Dominique Langhendries, Respect Seniors, Belgium

Research team :

N/a

Chair personnel involved in the project :

Caroline Pelletier, doctoral student

Granting agency and grant amount :

The VIIIth Permanent Joint Board Quebec-Wallonia-Brussels, $8 000

Project completion dates :

From June 1, 2013 to May 31, 2015

Relationship between project and Chair objectives :

Objective 3: Formulating an evaluative research program of the most diversified, complementary and effective actions (prevention, detection and intervention) to prevent and counter mistreatment.

Role of Chair in the project :

The Chair plays a leading role with its expertise on the elaboration of a quiz on mistreatment of elders, which has led to the publication of the book Mistreatment of Older Adults...Changing Perceptions.

Research problem :

The fight against mistreatment begins with the recognition of the existance of the phenomenon. Still considered taboo, mistreatment is little acknowledged by the general public and is not sufficiently addressed in the training of future professionals. It is therefore important to develop adequate materials to reach these audiences, which must reflect cultural considerations. Given the complexity of the phenomenon of mistreatment of older adults and the diversity of actors involved, developping a diversity of models of awareness-building and training on this issue is appropriate.

Goal of the project or research question :

This fresh perspective of the Wallonia-Quebec experience will develop awareness and training tools in French, which are greatly needed since the existing material is, in most cases, in English.

Objectives :

General objectives:

1) Adapt awareness tools for the general public and future practitioners on the mistreatment of older adults; by doing so, a) provide to Respects-Seniors with external input that can benefit those who participate in awareness workshops or receive training from this organization, and b) provide to the research Chair on mistreatment of older adults new material aimed at awareness-building, training and knowledge transfer.

2) Implement mechanisms that ensure complementarity between the two partners in this project, which are the basis for the sustainability of the mutual benefits generated by the project.

Methodology :

1) Inventory of practices and working methods in Wallonia.

2) Inventory of practices and working methods in Quebec.

3) Comparison of awareness and training tools used in Belgium and Quebec, including the factual quiz on mistreatment of older adults.

4) Quebec Mission 1 in Wallonia (May 2014, 2 people) in order to clarify what has been collected so far and draw up general guidelines for renewed awareness and training interventions.

5) Quebec Mission 2 in Wallonia (Spring 2015, 2 people) in order to raise awareness among the general public and training practitioners.

Project Advancement :

This project started in late summer 2013 and is in its start-up phase. The Respect-Seniors team has begun to review the 18 statements of the quiz and their responses in order to schedule a working meeting in the spring of 2014. The Chair has developed an inventory of the existing practices, awareness-building and training methods on the issue of mistreatment of older adults.

Communications :

N/a

Publications :

N.a.

Last updated :

March 5, 2014

Title :

National Survey on the Mistreatment of Older Canadians

Principal researcher :

Lynn McDonald

Research team :

Marie Beaulieu

Gloria Gutman

Sandi Hirst

Ariela Lowenstein

Cynthia Thomas

Chair personnel involved in the project :

N/a

Granting agency and grant amount :

Employment and Social Development Canada, New Horizons for Seniors program: 750 000$

Project completion dates :

April 2012 to March 2015

Relationship between project and Chair objectives :

Objective 1: Develop, on one hand, theoretical, empirical and practical (praxeological) knowledge on the factors of vulnerability and risk associated with mistreatment; and, on the other hand, the consequences of mistreatment.

Role of Chair in the project :

The Chairholder participates in all stages of the project. She accepted the particular responsibility of seeing to the quality of the translation of the material from English to French. In addition, she is responsible of maintaining the relationship with the Government of Quebec, which has invested a sum of money in the study in order to oversample in Quebec. In doing so, it will be possible to make meaningful analyses for Quebec.

Research problem :

The last prevalence study of the mistreatment of older Canadians was carried out in 1989 and found an overall prevalence rate of 4 percent of community dwelling adults in Canada (Podnieuks et al., 1990). The proposed new survey is based on previous research, Defining and Measuring Elder Abuse and Neglect – Preparatory Work Required to Measure the Prevalence of Abuse and Neglect of Older Adults in Canada (HRSDC, 2010), in the context of which were developped  conceptual and operational definitions of physical, psychological, sexual and financial abuse and neglect of older adults in French and English Canada who lived in the community.

The survey will fill a critical gap by providing an overall prevalence rate and specific rates for the main types of abuse and neglect in Canada. The provinces that wish to do further analyses can oversample cases for their provinces.

Goal of the project or research question :

The overarching goal of the study is to build, on this significant research, a national prevalence study of the mistreatment of older adults in Canada (N=5000) with sufficient representation from each province in Canada.

Objectives :

The objectives of the project are to provide quantitative data on the prevalence, risk factors, and causes of mistreatment of older Canadians in the general population.

Methodology :

The survey universe will include older adults who are 55 years of age and older and living in private dwellings in Canada. The survey will be conducted by means of telephone interviews based on a random sample, which will be obtained using random digital dialing. The types of abuse that occurred within the last twleve months to be assessed by the data collection are physical, sexual, psychological, and financial abuse and neglect perpetrated by informal caregivers.

Project Advancement :

The questionnaire is completed. In March 2014, it was validated in English with a limited number of respondents. It will be reviewed and revised in April 2014. It will then be translated into French and validated again with a limited number of francophone respondents in April and May 2014. Once the questionnaire was approved in its final form in the two official languages of Canada, the Canada-wide data collection will begin.

Communications :

N.a.

Publications :

N.a.

Last updated :

March 4, 2014

Title :

Scientific watch on vulnerability.

Principal researcher :

Marie Beaulieu

Research team :

N/a

Chair personnel involved in the project :

Marie Crevier, doctoral student

Granting agency and grant amount :

Pro bono (from the Chair's funds)

Project completion dates :

Ongoing from 2009

Relationship between project and Chair objectives :

Objective 1: Developing, on one hand, theoretical, empirical and practice-based knowledge on factors of vulnerability and risk associated with mistreatment and, on the other hand, the consequences of mistreatment.

Role of Chair in the project :

Initiator and leader of the project

Research problem :

For the last five years, the Chair has been keeping up a database of scientific texts that concern the connection between mistreatment and vulnerability. This subject is important to us, because the existence of relationships between advanced age, vulnerability and mistreatment often has the impact that older adults are looked upon only under the biomedical perspective, overlooking questions related to structural inequalities.

Goal of the project or research question :

Literature review of scientific articles dealing with mistreatment of older adults and the concept of vulnerability.

Objectives :

N.a.

Methodology :

• Ongoing literature review of scientific articles dealing with mistreatment and vulnerability (every three months);
• Reference update;

• Collate PD documents;

• Complete a reading grid.

Project Advancement :

This article database is shared between the Chair and Marie Crevier (doctoral student).

The last update was in April 2013.

A total of 90 articles have been reviewed so far.

It is regularly used as a basis for texts and conferences.

Communications :

Beaulieu, M., & Crevier, M. (September 23, 2013). Quand l'âgisme mène à considérer toutes les personnes aînées comme étant vulnérables et sujettes à la maltraitance. Assemblée générale annuelle de l'Association québécoise de gérontologie. Longueuil (Québec).
Bédard, M.-E., & Beaulieu, M. (June 3, 2013). Facteurs aggravants, vulnérabilité et maltraitance. Colloque « l'exploitation financière des personnes vulnérables ». Organisé par le Conseil pour la protection des malades. 12e édition. Québec (Québec).

Beaulieu, M., & Crevier, M. (April 25, 2013). Fragilité, vulnérabilité et maltraitance envers les aînés : une recension systématique des écrits. Comité de l'adaptation du quiz factuel sur la maltraitance envers les personnes aînées à la réalité wallonne de Respect Seniors. Namur (Belgique).

Beaulieu, M., & Crevier, M. (April 24, 2013). Fragilité, vulnérabilité et maltraitance envers les aînés : une recension systématique des écrits. Comité méthodologique de Respect Seniors. Namur (Belgique)

Beaulieu, M. & Crevier, M. (April 17-18, 2013). Fragilité, vulnérabilité et maltraitance envers les aînés : une recension systématique des écrits dans le symposium organisé par Beaulieu, M. L'accompagnement de la maltraitance envers les personnes aînées dans quelques états de la francophonie : des pratiques en amont, en parallèle et en aval de la fragilité. 1er congrès francophone sur la fragilité des personnes âgées. Toulouse (France).

Crevier, M., Beaulieu, M., & Couturier, Y. (April 20, 2012). Vulnérabilité ou processus de vulnérabilisation des femmes aînées en situation de maltraitance? La contribution du genre dans la problématisation de cette question à partir d'une recension systématique des écrits. 5ième colloque étudiant, Centre de recherche et d'intervention sur la violence familiale et la violence faite aux femmes, Montréal (Québec, Canada).

Beaulieu, M. (May 12, 2011). Maltraitance envers les aînés : en quoi la vulnérabilité est-elle un enjeu en intervention. 79e congrès de l'ACFAS. Sherbrooke (Québec, Canada).

Beaulieu, M. (January 20, 2011). Maltraitance envers les personnes aînées : En quoi le concept de vulnérabilité marque-t-il le champ? Séminaire Vul-Âge (organisé par équipe ANR de recherche sur la vulnérabilité au grand âge). Rennes (France).

Publications :

Beaulieu, M., & Crevier, M. (2013). Quand l'âgisme mène à considérer toutes les personnes aînées comme étant vulnérables et sujettes à la maltraitance. Vie et vieillissement, 11(1), 5-11.
Beaulieu, M., Spahic-Blazevic, A., & Crevier, M. (2013). Un Québec vieillissant. Réflexions sur les défis anticipés et la réponse sociale à donner aux personnes aînées. Dans Conférence des juristes de l'état 2013. Montréal : Éditions Yvon Blais. 5-25.

Goergen, T., & Beaulieu, M. (2013). Critical concepts in elder abuse research. International Psychogeriatrics, 25(8), 1217-1228.

Crevier, M., Beaulieu, M., & Couturier, Y. (2012). Vulnérabilité ou processus de vulnérabilisation des femmes aînées en situation de maltraitance? La contribution du genre dans la problématisation de cette question à partir d'une recension systématique des écrits. In Zavala, S.C., Huet-Gagnon, N., Dumont, A. Actes du 5e colloque du Centre de recherche interdisciplinaire sur la violence intrafamiliale et la violence faite aux femmes du 20 avril 2012 (pp. 54-58). Montréal, Québec, Canada : Collection Réflexions no 21.

Last updated :

February 21, 2014

Title :

Scientific watch at international and provincial levels

Principal researcher :

Marie Beaulieu

Research team :

N.a.

Chair personnel involved in the project :

Johannie Bergeron Patenaude, Chair coordinator

Granting agency and grant amount :

Pro bono ( from the Chair's funds)

Project completion dates :

Ongoing as of January 2011

Relationship between project and Chair objectives :

Objective 1: Developing, on one hand, theoretical, empirical and practice-based knowledge on factors of vulnerability and risk associated with mistreatment and, on the other hand, knowledge on the impact of mistreatment.

Role of Chair in the project :

Initiator and leader of the project

Research problem :

In order to provide references on the website, but also to serve as input for the ongoing work in various areas, the Chair conducts two literature reviews which are regularly updated. There is a literature review of articles published on the international scene on more than thirty topics. In addition, since 2009, when the Chairholder has worked in producing the Governmental Action Plan to Counter Elder Abuse, a scientific watch of all articles produced by Quebec researchers has been ongoing.

Goal of the project or research question :

Producing an updated database of scientific articles written by Quebec authors and international researchers.

Objectives :

Offer an up-to-date scientific watch on the Chair's website.

Build a reference pool that can feed the various research projects carried out by the Chair.

Methodology :

The Quebec watch:

• Every three months, perform a literature review of scientific articles produced by Quebec authors (targeted databases in English and French).

• Classify the articles according to the corresponding topics.

• Publish the results on the Chair's website.

• When articles are freely available, specify the link to access them.

The international watch:

• Every three months, perform a literature review of scientific articles produced by Quebec authors (targeted databases in English and French).

• Classify the articles in the EndNote database according to the corresponding topics.

• Publish the results on the Chair's website.

• When articles are freely available, specify the link to access them.

Project Advancement :

The last update of the Quebec scientific articles was in February 2014. The website was last updated in January 2014.

The last update of international scientific articles was in December 2013. The website was last updated in December 2013.

To see the scientific watch activities, please click on the following links:

http://www.maltraitancedesaines.com/en/scientifc-watch/scientific-papers-produced-by-quebecers 

http://www.maltraitancedesaines.com/en/scientifc-watch/international-publications-in-the-field-of-mistreatment 

Communications :

N/a

Publications :

N/a

Last updated :

February 21, 2014

Title :

Social participation of seniors: From knowledge to action

Principal researcher :

Andrée Sévigny, Laval University

Research team :

Hélène Carbonneau (co-researcher)
Serge Dumont (co-researcher )

Pierre-Jacob Durand (co-researcher)

Sophie Éthier (co-researcher)

Julie Fortier (co-researcher)

Éric Gagnon (co-researcher)

Charles Gaucher (co-researcher)

Benjamin Gottlieb (co-researcher)

Catherine Gucher (co-researcher)

Mélanie Levasseur (co-researcher)

Ignace Olazabal (co-researcher)

Steve Paquet (co-researcher)

Christian Pradier (co-researcher)

André Tourigny (co-researcher)

Marie Beaulieu (collaborator)

Normand Boucher (collaborator)

Judith Gagnon (collaborator)

Suzanne Garon (collaborator)

Manal Guirduis-Younger (collaborator)

Nadine Larivière (collaborator)

Mario Paquet (collaborator)

Émilie Raymond (collaborator)

Huguette Robert (collaborator)

Chair personnel involved in the project :

N/a

Granting agency and grant amount :

Social Sciences and Humanities Research Council of Canada : $199 973

Project completion dates :

From April 2012 to March 2015

Relationship between project and Chair objectives :

Objective 1: Developing, on one hand, theoretical, empirical and practice-based knowledge on factors of vulnerability and risk associated with mistreatment and, on the other hand, the consequences of mistreatment.

Role of Chair in the project :

The Chair acts as a collaborator in this project, as various projects in the Chair highlight the social participation of seniors.

Research problem :

In the context of the aging of the population, the issue of social participation of seniors involves all practitioners. The increasing number of older adults, combined with important demographic, cultural and economic changes, prompts us to rethink the social representation associated with old age, which describes it as a period of rest or as being marked by social withdrawal. Indeed, without minimizing the difficult realities that some seniors must deal with, it seems possible for many of them, even those with disabilities, to develop forms of commitment and of contribution to society. Considering this, the social participation of seniors is an innovative research field that is already quite sought-after (Raymond, Gagné, Sevigny and Tourigny 2008).

Goal of the project or research question :

The aim of this project is the creation of a consortium of researchers and practitioners in order to promote the transfer of knowledge concerning the social participation of seniors. Professors from four Quebec universities are involved in this project.

Objectives :

1) Establish and strengthen governance of the partnership.
2) Develop and consolidate a research program.

3) Reinforce the relationships between team members (researchers, partners, employees, students).

4) Develop a plan for knowledge mobilization.

Methodology :

1) Establishment of a steering committee.
2) Establishment of a coordinating committee.

3) Establishment of a working committee on the theoretical framework.

4) Establishment of a working committee on the methodological framework.

5) Preparation of the draft of the programming of the project.

6) Request for the participation of collaborators to various projects according to their area of expertise. Transfer of information to collaborators. Promotion of exchanges between researchers and partners in the project. Preparation and improvement of a model of operational partnership.

7) Establishment of a working committee on the dissemination and knowledge mobilization.

8) Establishment of mechanisms to ensure financial support for dissemination and knowledge mobilization.

9) Integration of young researchers and graduate students.

10) Establishment of a student committee.

Project Advancement :

A first team meeting was held in the fall of 2013 to identify the ongoing work of the various partners, as well as the work they wish to develop, and to draw up an agenda for future productions.

Communications :

N.a.

Publications :

Carbonneau, H., Sévigny, A., Levasseur, M., Raymond, E., Beaulieu, M, Éthier, S., & Beauchamp, J. (2013). La participation sociale, pour ajouter de la vie aux années : contributions de l'axe Interaction et soutien social du RQRV /Social participation, adding life to years : RQRV Interaction and social support group's contributions. Médecine, Science, Amérique, 2(3), 37-51.

Last updated :

February 18, 2014

Title :

Factual quiz on ageing

Principal researcher :

Marie Beaulieu

Research team :

N.a.

Chair personnel involved in the project :

Arzemina Spahic Blazevic, research assistant

Johannie Bergeron Patenaude, Chair coordinator

Granting agency and grant amount :

Start-up grant from the RQRV

Pro bono ( from the Chair's funds)

Project completion dates :

From 2010 until the summer of 2014

Relationship between project and Chair objectives :

Objective 1: Developing, on one hand, theoretical, empirical and practice-based knowledge on factors of vulnerability and risk associated with mistreatment and, on the other hand, the consequences of elder abuse.

Role of Chair in the project :

Initiator and leader of the project

Research problem :

Ageism is regularly identified as a breeding ground for elder abuse. More than 20 years ago, Palmore designed a factual quiz on ageing.

Goal of the project or research question :

Designing a contemporary version of the factual quiz on ageing from Quebec, Canada and international data.

Objectives :

1) Identifying contemporary issues associated with ageing;
2) Documenting them by means of a literature review;

3) Producing a synthesis for educational purposes.

Methodology :

• Identifying 25 topics;
• Developing the quiz, including one statement per topic;

• Literature review (factual data and research results);

• Drafting one chapter per topic.

Project Advancement :

The 25 topics were jointly identified with the RQRV researchers. The quiz was submitted for edumetric validation. Two-thirds of the chapters have been written.

Communications :

Beaulieu, M., & Geoffroy, C. (May 1, 2014). L'âgisme et la maltraitance chez les aînés, tous ensemble pour y faire face. Colloque annuel de Carrefour Actions Municipale et famille. Victoriaville (Québec).
Beaulieu, M., Lévesque. J., & Vézina, J. (October 20, 2012). The Québec version of the Facts on Aging Quiz. 41st Annual Meeting of the Canadian Association of Gerontology. Vancouver (British Columbia, Canada).

Beaulieu, M. (September 27, 2012). Lutter contre l'âgisme; agir en prévention de la maltraitance envers les personnes aînées. Congrès du Réseau provincial des Comités des Usagers (RCPU), De la réflexion à l'action. St-Hyacinthe (Québec, Canada).

Beaulieu, M. (May 1, 2012). Les impacts du vieillissement de la population sur la sécurité publique : Et si on démystifiait ce vieillissement? Colloque de la Sécurité publique de la région de la Mauricie. Nicolet (Québec, Canada).

Beaulieu, M. (May 27, 2011). Êtes-vous âgiste? Colloque annuel du Carrefour action municipale et famille. St-Hyacinthe (Québec, Canada).

Publications :

Beaulieu, M., Spahic-Blazevic, A., & Crevier, M. (2013). Un Québec vieillissant. Réflexions sur les défis anticipés et la réponse sociale à donner aux personnes aînées. Dans Conférence des juristes de l'état 2013. Montréal : Éditions Yvon Blais. 5-25.

Last updated :

February 19, 2014

Student’s name: :

Jessica Calvé

Diplomas: :

Bachelor's degree in Psychology, University of Montreal (2012)

Current studies:

Social Work with focus on Gerontology, University of Sherbrooke

Subject of study project:

Under development

Scholarships and amounts received:

N.a.

Completion date:

From fall 2014 to the summer of 2015

Links to the Chair’s objectives:

To be specified when the project will be more advanced

Problem:

Self-neglect of older adults

Goal or research question:

Under development

Objectives:

Under development

Methodology:

Under development

Work progress:

Still ongoing

Communications :

N.a.

Publications:

N.a.

Last update:

February 25, 2014

Student’s name: :

Audrey Allard

Diplomas: :

Bachelor's degree in Psychology, University of Sherbrooke (2012)

Current studies:

Propaedeutic year in Social Work, for her Master's degree with a gerontology profile, University of Sherbrooke

Subject of study project:

Under development

Scholarships and amounts received:

N.a.

Completion date:

Began propaedeutic year in the fall of 2013

Links to the Chair’s objectives:

To be specified

Problem:

Under development

Goal or research question:

Under development

Objectives:

Under development

Methodology:

Under development

Work progress:

Still in propaedeutic year and in a reflection process for her thesis project.

Communications :

N.a.

Publications:

N.a.

Last update:

February 25, 2014

Title :

Elder abuse training manual

Principal researcher :

Marie Beaulieu

Research team :

N/a

Chair personnel involved in the project :

Fiona Neesham-Grenon, social worker at the CSSS-IUGS (Health and Social Services Centre- University Institute of Geriatrics of Sherbrooke), former research assistant and student

Annie Riendeau, social worker at the Health and Social Services Centre of Haute-Yamaska, former research assistant and student

Johannie Bergeron Patenaude, Chair coordinator

Granting agency and grant amount :

Pro bono (from the Chair's funds)

Project completion dates :

Ongoing fom 2010.

Relationship between project and Chair objectives :

Objective 1: Developing, on one hand, theoretical, empirical and practice-based knowledge on factors of vulnerability and risk associated with mistreatment and, on the other hand, the consequences of elder abuse.

Role of Chair in the project :

Initiator and leader of the project

Research problem :

The scientific literature dealing with the problem of elder abuse reveals a lack of training among different types of workers who interact with seniors. With the exception of the reference guide recently published by the Quebec regional coordinators (November 2013), there is little complete educational material, focused on either the development of knowledge or the transmission of working knowledge or skills, to guide the fight against elder abuse.

Goal of the project or research question :

Developing a training manual on elder abuse intended for future practitioners.

Objectives :

N/a

Methodology :

• Identifying topics;
• Literature review and best practices for each of the topics;

• Drafting by topic.

Project Advancement :

All the topics have been selected and the drafting of the text to be used in the manual for each of them is well under way. However, for two major reasons, we have delayed the production of this book. First, it was deemed relevant to wait until the Reference Guide produced by two regional coordinators was published in order to determine how the manual would be adjusted to take into account this guide. Secondly, we wanted to complete the work on another book concerning the Factual Quiz on Aging, in order to avoid the publication of two books during the same year. We expect to resume work on this project as soon as the book Factual Quiz on Aging is submitted to a publisher.

Communications :

N/a

Publications :

N/a

Last updated :

February 21, 2014

Student’s name: :

Marie-Ève Bédard

Diplomas: :

Master's degree in Recreation, Culture and Tourism (2011), University of Quebec in Trois-Rivières

Current studies:

Ph.D.in Gerontology

Subject of study project:

Supporting seniors' rights: understanding how the users' committees (UC) in Quebec's health and social services centres (CSSS) cope with situations of mistreatment against older adults that are brought to their attention.

Scholarships and amounts received:

• The FMSS Institutional Host Fellowship (paired with the CDRV) - $8000 (2012)

• Research Chair on Mistreatment of Older Adults Fellowship (4 x 6 666, $44) - (2012-2013)

• Doctoral research fellowship from the FRQSC – $46 666 (2013-2015)

Completion date:

Doctoral start date: January 2012; Doctoral end date: August 2015

Links to the Chair’s objectives:

Objective 3: Formulating an evaluative research program of the most diversified, complementary and effective actions (prevention, detection and intervention) to prevent and counter mistreatment.

Problem:

The mandate of the defense of the user rights is seen as a way of countering mistreatment of older adults. These committees are involved in the CSSS, where members of these committees are far from reaching consensus on what may or may not be in practice considered as mistreatment. These committees are composed of actors who are volunteer members and they are involved on the territory as a whole, in a decentralized manner. To the best of our knowledge, no study provides the necessary information in order to understand the daily life of UCs and their actual power to counter mistreatment against older adults. More specifically, the recognition given to users' committees (UC), their claims to defend their rights, their ability to take concrete actions and to act independently in these settings.

Goal or research question:

The purpose of this multiple case study is to describe and understand how the users' committees (UC) in Quebec's health and social services centres (CSSS) cope with situations of mistreatment against older adults that are brought to their attention.

Objectives:

The objectives are:

1. Making a descriptive and critical inventory of mistreatment situations against seniors that are brought to the UCs' attention;

2. Documenting each of the steps regarding these situations, that is to say until the time the committee stops its action; and

3. Establishing the scope and the limits of UC activities and proposing ways to improve them.

Methodology:

This study will document three cases (UCs + invited guests to their meetings) and to compare them. We will achieve: 1) observations of UCs' meetings in order to document the content of their exchange, their attitudes and behaviours; 2) an interview with each of the UCs presidents to collect their comments and their experiences concerning mistreatment situations against seniors brought to the UCs'attention, actions focused on the defense of users' rights, the limits of their actions and the necessary improvements to be made; 3) in-depth individual interviews with UCs members regarding their work or invited guests to their meetings; 4) an analysis of relevant documents explaining how to cope with mistreatment situations, by UCs that were previously assessed.

Work progress:

In 2013, I completed my doctoral studies (the courses and submitted two research reports: the conceptual and methodological phases of my thesis project) and the comprehensive doctoral exam (the research protocol, answers to questions from the examination board and the oral exam). Since the beginning of 2014, I submitted my research protocol to the research ethics committee - Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences from the University of Sherbrooke, as well as the CSSS ethics committees, in which the data collection will take place. I am currently recruiting in these three cases (mainly the UCs).

Communications :

Bédard, M.-E. & Beaulieu, M. (from October 17 to October 19, 2013). Usages contemporains de la défense des droits des aînés présentés selon les paradigmes de l'empowerment : une recension systématique critique. 42e réunion scientifique et éducative annuelle de l'Association canadienne de gérontologie. Halifax, Nouvelle -Écosse.

Bédard, M.-E., & Beaulieu, M., & Gagnon, E. (from October 8 to October 10, 2013). Défense des droits des aînés, maltraitance, bientraitance et comités des usagers: une schématisation conceptuelle. 33es journées annuelles de la Société Française de Gériatrie et Gérontologie. Paris (France).

Bédard, M-E., & Beaulieu, M. (October 1-2, 2013). Usages contemporains de la défense des droits des aînés. 11e édition des Journées de la recherche du Réseau québécois de recherche sur le vieillissement. Québec (Québec).

Bédard, M.-E., & Beaulieu, M. (June 2, 2013). Liens qui unissent la défense des droits des aînés, les comités des usagers et de résidents et la maltraitance. Colloque « l'exploitation financière des personnes vulnérables ». Organisé par le Conseil pour la protection des malades. 12e édition. Québec (Québec).

Bédard, M.-E., & Beaulieu, M. (October 19, 2012). La défense des droits des ainés : une recension systématique critique. 41st Annual Meeting of the Canadian Association of Gerontology. Vancouver (British Columbia, Canada).

Publications:

Bédard, M-E. Beaulieu, M. & Gagnon, É. (September 2013). Défense des droits des aînés, maltraitance, bientraitance et comités des usagers : une schématisation conceptuelle. Les cahiers de l'année gérontologique, 5, p.92.

Bédard, M.-E., & Beaulieu, M. (submitted on July 18, 2013). The evolution of the concept of rights defense of elders and contemporary uses in the field of aging. Droit et société.

Last update:

February 24, 2014

Title :

Validated training programs

Principal researcher :

Marie Beaulieu

Research team :

Mark Yaffe

Chair personnel involved in the project :

N.a.

Granting agency and grant amount :

The Quebec Network for Research on Aging (RQRV) and pro bono from the Chair's funds.

Project completion dates :

From 2010 to an unspecified date.

Relationship between project and Chair objectives :

Objective 3: Formulating an evaluative research program of the most diversified, complementary and effective actions (prevention, detection and intervention) to prevent and counter elder abuse.

Role of Chair in the project :

Initiator and leader of the project

Research problem :

During the elaboration of the Governmental Action Plan to Counter Elder Abuse 2010-2015, the Chairholder initiated a reflection on the way the practitioners' training was evaluated. In collaboration with researchers from the Quebec Network for Research on Aging (RQRV) and thanks to financial support to cover the operating costs, a systematic inventory and a critical analysis of the content of existing training programs on elder abuse were achieved. Through this work, the Chair will be able to set guidelines to be adhered to when developing a training program.

Goal of the project or research question :

Identifying validated training programs concerning elder abuse.

Objectives :

N/a

Methodology :

• Systematic literature review on validated training programs on elder abuse;

• Content analysis.

Project Advancement :

A database of scientific articles on validated training is maintained by the Chair. For the time being, its main purpose is to guide our knowledge transfer activities in order to choose approaches that have proven successful.

Communications :

Beaulieu, M., Brunet, C., Neesham Grenon, F., Yaffe, M., & Couturier, Y. (May 11, 2011). Les programmes éducatifs dans le domaine de la maltraitance envers les aînés : une recension systématique. 79e congrès de l'ACFAS. Sherbrooke (Québec, Canada).

Publications :

N/a

Last updated :

February 19, 2014

Title :

Engaged scholarship: evaluation of knowledge mobilization for older adults in the community.

Principal researcher :

Lynn McDonald, Ph.D., Factor-Inwentash Faculty of Social Work, University of Toronto

Research team :

Marie Beaulieu, Ph.D., University of Sherbrooke, Chair of the Research Chair on Mistreatment of Older Adults
Peter Donahue, Ph.D., School of Social Work, Renison University College

Corey Mackenzie, Ph.D., Department of Psychology, University of Manitoba

Esme Fuller-Thomson, Ph.D., Factor-Inwentash Faculty of Social Work, University of Toronto

Elsa Marziali, Ph.D., Kunin-Lunenfeld Applied Research Unit, Baycrest Centre for Geriatric Care

Gloria Gutman, Ph.D., Gerontology Research Centre, Simon Fraser University

Ariela Lowenstein, Ph.D., Faculty of Welfare and Health Sciences, University of Haifa

Laurence Kryzanouwski, Ph.D., Department of finance, Concordia University

Gail Wideman, Ph.D., School of Social Work, Memorial University of Newfoundland

Ronald Baecker, Ph.D., Department of Computer Science at the University of Toronto.

Karen Kobayashi, Ph.D., Department of Sociology, University of Victoria

Chair personnel involved in the project :

N/a

Granting agency and grant amount :

Social Sciences and Humanities Research Council of Canada (SSHRC), $2 194 095

Project completion dates :

2012-2017

Relationship between project and Chair objectives :

Objective 3: Formulating an evaluative research program of the most diversified, complementary and effective actions (prevention, detection and intervention) to prevent and counter elder abuse.

Role of Chair in the project :

Translating research material from English to French.

Data collection in Quebec.

Research problem :

For the past five years, multidisciplinary teams of the National Initiative for the Care of the Elderly (NICE) have been working on developing tools based on research currently being conducted in the field of aging. NICE is a national network dedicated to knowledge transfer which comprises various groups such as seniors, students, decision-makers, researchers and practitioners in the form of interdisciplinary teams.  NICE has also has developed more than sixty tools on different topics, published in pocket format. These tools are for seniors themselves as well as for people who live or work with them. Over the last year, the NICE network has received more than 200 000 requests for access to these tools, which will be now available in paper format as well as in a digital form for handheld devices.

Goal of the project or research question :

The purpose of this research is to evaluate the use, impact and cost of the set of pocket tools developed from evidence-based information concerning the key challenges of aging.

Objectives :

1) Evaluate the degree of uptake and utilization of evidence-based research through the use of pocket tools by practitioners, policy makers and the public, including seniors and their families.
2) Evaluate which implementation strategies (paper or digital format of pocket tools) are used by seniors, their caregivers and professionals groups.

3) Evaluate how different user groups apply the evidence on aging according to instrumental, conceptual and symbolic use.

4) Evaluate the degree of influence that the knowledge mobilization tools have on older adults, their families, practitioners and policy makers, taking into account the format used.

5) Modify and disseminate the tools in consideration of the conclusions drawn form the above-mentionned analysis.

6) Engage, train and retain a new generation of students in the field of knowledge transfer research and gerontology in Canada.

Methodology :

Various approaches are used, including surveys, group interviews and semi-directed, in-depth interviews.

Project Advancement :

The creation of the tools in the English version is almost completed. They will then be translated into French by the Chair. An application for a certificate of ethics will be submitted, which, when granted, will allow data collection in Quebec, under the responsibility of the Chair.

Communications :

McDonald L, Baecker R, Beaulieu M, Donahue P, Fuller-Thomson E, Gutman G, Iris M, Kobayashi K, Kryzanowski L, Lowenstein A, Mackenzie C, Marziali E, Rietschlin J, Tamblyn-Watts, L, Wideman G, Spalter T, Hitzig SL, Mirza R. (June 23-27, 2013). A knowledge transfer initiative promoting digital social pocket tools for health aging. Poster presented at the 20th IAGG World Congress of gerontology and Geriatrics: Digital Ageing: A New Horizon for Health Care and Active Ageing. Seoul (Korea).

McDonald L, Baecker R, Beaulieu M, Donahue P, Fuller-Thomson E, Gutman G, Iris M, Kobayashi K, Kryzanowski L, Lowenstein A, Mackenzie C, Marziali E, Rietschlin J, Tamblyn-Watts, L, Wideman G, Spalter T, Hitzig SL, Mirza R.(June 23-27, 2013). The development of the NICE pocket tools – A knowledge exchange project. Poster presented at the 20th IAGG World Congress of Gerontology and Geriatrics: Digital Ageing: A New Horizon for Health Care and Active Ageing. Seoul (Korea).

Publications :

N/a

Last updated :

February 19, 2014

Title :

Police intervention in the fight against elder abuse: developing and implementing a practice model.

Principal researcher :

Marie Beaulieu and Michelle Côté (SPVM)

Research team :

Suzanne Garon, University of Sherbrooke

Chair personnel involved in the project :

Joséphine Loock, coordinator
Kim Addleman-Lacas, research assistant

Omar Ameris, research assistant

 

Ana Flavia Batista, research assistant

Stéfanie Brière, research assistant

Monia D'Amours, research professional

Luisa Diaz, research assistant

Marie-Eve Dion, research assistant

Roxane Lebœuf, research assistant

Granting agency and grant amount :

Project funded in part by the Government of Canada via the New Horizons for Seniors program (HRSDC): $700,000

Project completion dates :

From July 2013 to June 2016

Relationship between project and Chair objectives :

Objective 3: Formulating an evaluative research program of the most diversified, complementary and effective actions (prevention, detection and intervention) to prevent and counter elder abuse.

Role of Chair in the project :

Initiator and leader of the project.

Research problem :

Police officers are called to intervene in different situations of abuse, in the community or in nursing homes. The detection of mistreatment and the assessment of its risk factors are not done in a systematic manner. Although they do identify situations of abuse, the majority of first responders (police and firefighters) have no standardized approach to detect situations where seniors are vulnerable.

Goal of the project or research question :

This three year project aims the development a police practice model to counter elder abuse.

Objectives :

1) Provide an updated review of police practices on elder abuse;
2) Document the needs of the police officers of the City of Montreal Police Department (SPVM) regarding detection, monitoring and intersectorial collaboration;

3) Develop one or several detection and monitoring tools or adapt the existing ones;

4) Implement one or several tools in the SPVM;

5) Implement support mechanisms to police practice;

6) Review and adjust the implemented tools and mechanisms;

7) Extend the use of this new practice model to police services across Canada.

Methodology :

Year 1:

• Carry out a review of the literature on police practices regarding elder mistreatment;

• Produce the inventory of current practices in Canada;

• Obtain the tools developed in Canada or elsewhere when possible;

• Establish a partnership with police services;

• Establish a diagnosis of the SPVM's practices based on an online survey and on focus groups held in two neighbourhood stations;

• Establish an advisory committee.

Year 2:

• Choice of tools and/or tool development;

• Initial training of police officers;

• Set up of an elder abuse component in existing communites of practice, which are two neighbourhood stations;

• Experimenting the practice model over a six-month period;

• Revising the model and materials in view of the results from local experimentation.

Year 3:

• Program implementation and monitoring in all SPVM neighbourhood stations;

• Final revision of the police practice guide for intervention with mistreatment of seniors, followed by dissemination to other police services.

Project Advancement :

This project began in July 2013. The literature review is well underway and we are now collecting data collection (police: survey, group interviews, interviews with high-ranking police officers, observing current practice; interviews with partners and members of the SPVM senior partnership committee). The Chair and the SPVM's Research and Strategic Planning Division share responsibilities in this project.

Communications :

Beaulieu, M., Coté, M., Loock, J., Lavoie, N., Roussel, C., D'Amours, M., Courvillle, V., & Ameris, O. (accepted, May 2014). L'intervention policière auprès des aînés en situation de maltraitance.10e Congrès international francophone de gérontologie et gériatrie. « Les défis de la longévité : créativité et innovations ». Liège mai 2014 (Belgique).
 
Beaulieu, M. et Loock, J. (October 1, 2013). Intervention policière auprès des aînés en situation de maltraitance IPAM. Journée de sensibilisation pour les agents sociocommunautaires du SPVM. Montréal (Québec).

Publications :

Beaulieu, M. (submitted in July 2013, accepted in July 2013) Un Québec vieillissant – Une ville de Montréal vieillissante. Défis contemporains pour une pratique policière. Dans Service de Police de la Ville de Montréal. Lecture de l'environnement montréalais en 2013. Montréal : Presses de l'Université de Montréal. 27 p.

Last updated :

February 19, 2014.

Title :

Mistreatment of older adults in institutional settings: a review of reporting mechanisms.

Principal researcher :

Marie Beaulieu

Research team :

Charmaine Spencer

Chair personnel involved in the project :

Caroline Pelletier, research assistant and Ph.D. student
Marie-Ève Manseau-Young, research professional

Granting agency and grant amount :

Ministry of Health and Social Services (Quebec): $31,950

Project completion dates :

From November 9, 2013 to March 31, 2014

Relationship between project and Chair objectives :

Objective 3: Formulating an evaluative research program of the most diversified, complementary and effective actions (prevention, detection and intervention) to prevent and counter mistreatment.

Role of Chair in the project :

Leader of the project

Research problem :

On October 11, 2013, Dr. Réjean Hébert, Minister of Health and Social Services and Minister Responsible for Seniors, announced in a press release, "abuse in institutional settings is a phenomenon that needs to be documented. To get a better idea of the measures that could be implemented and to assess the relevance and challenges posed by an approach such as mandatory reporting, it is important to have a portrait of the phenomenon. This will allow us to better address the problem in order to ensure in the most optimal way the health and well-being of seniors. "

Goal of the project or research question :

Assess the state of knowledge as well as the situation regarding the disclosure/reporting of mistreatment in institutional settings.

Objectives :

Draw a portrait of the phenomenon of mistreatment of seniors in institutional settings and of the various existing mechanisms to address it, carry out a critical analysis of this portrait and propose possible solutions, when appropriate.

Methodology :

• Review of the Quebec, Canadian and international literature on mistreatment of seniors in institutional settings.
• Assessment of reporting mechanisms in other jurisdictions.

• Inventory of the existing mechanisms in Quebec and review of their use.

Project Advancement :

The literature review is in progress. An inventory of the existing reporting mechanisms in the various Canadian jurisdictions was carried out. Written arguments in favour and against a provision for mandatory reporting are being drafted. The assessment of the existing mechanisms in Quebec is well under way. Several key practitioners were consulted.

Communications :

Beaulieu, M. (February 11, 18, 25 and 26, 2014). Portrait des mécanismes de dénonciation à l'égard de la maltraitance envers les personnes aînées en milieu d'hébergement. Presented at three meetings of the partners of the Quebec Ministry of health and Social Services with the Minister responsible for Seniors, Dr. Réjean Hébert. and at one meeting at the Secrétariat aux aînés. Québec (Québec).

Publications :

N.a.

Last updated :

February 19, 2014

Title :

Financial abuse

Principal researcher :

Marie Beaulieu

Research team :

The financial services research program (GRDSF) of Laval University (under the leadership of Pr. Raymonde Crête)

Chair personnel involved in the project :

Roxane Lebœuf, research assistant

Johannie Bergeron-Patenaude, the Chair coordinator

Granting agency and grant amount :

Pro bono (from the Chair's funds)

Project completion dates :

Ongoing as of June 2012.

Relationship between project and Chair objectives :

Objective 1: Developing, on one hand, theoretical, empirical and practice-based knowledge on factors of vulnerability and risk associated with mistreatment and, on the other hand, the consequences of mistreatment.

Role of Chair in the project :

In June 2012, the financial services research program (GRDSF) of Laval University held a joint meeting with the Chair. It was agreed that the Chair would collaborate with the GRDSF by performing an international literature review on the financial abuse of seniors.

Research problem :

According to service providers, material or financial abuse is viewed as the most common form of abuse against seniors. This topic raises specific issues concerning human rights, psychosocial services, support to people who are being exploited, etc. What is the situation in Quebec and throughout the world?

Goal of the project or research question :

Documenting the phenomenon of material and financial abuse against seniors.

Objectives :

This project aims to carry out interdisciplinary and international literature reviews (over a 10-year period) on the issue of material and financial abuse of seniors, in order to assess the state of current knowledge on this issue.

Methodology :

• Systematic search of scientific articles (choice of keywords; French and English data banks; selection criteria);
• Developing a corpus of scientific articles (PDF);

• Completing a reading grid for each article;

• Drafting a summary that can be used for various purposes.

Project Advancement :

The two teams met in June 2012.
 • Beginning of the work on the literature review in the summer of 2012.

 • A "Lunch & Learn" session with Marie Beaulieu to which the GRDSF team was invited in October 2012 at Laval University.

 • Co-organization of the 81st ACFAS Conference held at Laval University in 2013.

• Presentation of the literature review at the Conference;

• Highlights of the Conference posted on the Chair's website;

• The Chair co-edited a collective work following the Conference which will be published by the Éditions Yvon Blais in 2014;

• A chapter of this collective work from our presentation at the Conference (currently being written);

• A summary of this conference to be published in a law journal (currently being written).

Communications :

Beaulieu, M., & Leboeuf, R. (May 9, 2013). L'exploitation financière des personnes aînées : état des connaissances à travers plusieurs disciplines. Colloque « L'exploitation financière des personnes aînées : prévention, résolution et sanction» dans le cadre du 81e congrès de l'Acfas. Québec (Québec).

Organization of a conference on the issue during the 2013 ACFAS Conference.

Publications :

Beaulieu, M. et Leboeuf, R. (2013). L'exploitation financière des personnes aînées : prévention, résolution et sanction.Compte rendu d'un colloque organisé dans le cadre du 81e Congrès de l'ACFAS, 5p.

Last updated :

February 19, 2014

Title :

Developing a research agenda on resident-to resident elder abuse (RREA)

Principal researcher :

Lynn McDonald

Research team :

Marie Beaulieu (co-researcher)
Thomas Goergen (co-researcher)

Sander Hitzing (co-researcher)

Ariela Lowenstein (co-researcher)

Laura Tamblyn Watts (co-applicant)

Peter Whitehouse (co-researcher)

Carol Holmes (knowledge user)

Teri Kay (knowledge user)

Glenda Richards (knowledge user)

Raenn Rideout (knowledge user)

Susan Storey McNeill (knowledge user)

Chair personnel involved in the project :

N.a.

Granting agency and grant amount :

Canadian Institutes of Health Research, $25,000

Project completion dates :

May 19, 2014

Relationship between project and Chair objectives :

Objective 1: Developing, on one hand, theoretical, empirical and practice-based knowledge on factors of vulnerability and risk associated with mistreatment and, on the other hand, knowledge on the impact of elder abuse.

Role of Chair in the project :

In preparation for the meeting which will be held on May 19th, 2014 (see Goal of the project, below), Marie Beaulieu will identify practitioners who will invited to attend the meeting as delegates. 

As well, she will take part in the meeting and share her expertise regarding elder abuse .

Research problem :

Resident-to resident elder abuse (RREA) is an under-researched issue that negatively affects the health and well-being of residents in long-term care homes.

Goal of the project or research question :

The purpose of this project is to organize an invitational thematic symposium (expert forum type) in order to develop knowledge on an emerging issue, resident-to resident elder abuse.

Objectives :

1) Exchange knowledge about RREA.
2) Identify research priorities in RREA.

3) Identify the most appropriate methodology for this field of study, which should be put forward in future grant applications.

4) Establish formal partnerships between academics, clinicians and community partners in order to promote the RREA research agenda at the clinical, research, and policy levels. This objective will lead to a number of important outcomes, including:

• Encourage interdisciplinary collaboration in the study of RREA at the Canadian and international level.

• Knowledge mobilization to improve the prevention, detection and management of RREA.

• Foster new interdisciplinary research and practice agendas in the area of RREA.

Methodology :

Meeting agenda:
1) Personal testimony of RREA.
2) Introducing targeted literature review of RREA.

3) Brainstorming session on RREA.

4) Discussion on the use of the Delphi approach to identify priorities regarding RREA.

5) Group facilitators will present information to the all the participants in order to identify priority actions.

6) Small group sessions to discuss a selected priority and plan out a methodology.

7) Groups will reconvene to share the result of their discussions and obtain feedback from the larger group.

8) Working on a planned grant application.

Project Advancement :

The meeting will be held on May 19, 2014.

Communications :

N/a

Publications :

N/a

Last updated :

February 18, 2014

Title :

Important interviews with international researchers involved in the field of mistreatment of older adults

Principal researcher :

Marie Beaulieu

Research team :

N/a

Chair personnel involved in the project :

Audrey Allard, research assistant

Johannie Bergeron Patenaude, the Chair coordinator

Granting agency and grant amount :

Pro bono (from the Chair's funds)

Project completion dates :

Ongoing as of the fall of 2012.

Relationship between project and Chair objectives :

Objective 1: Developing, on one hand, theoretical, empirical and practice-based knowledge on factors of vulnerability and risk associated with mistreatment and, on the other hand, the consequences of mistreatment.

Role of Chair in the project :

Initiator and leader of the project

Research problem :

N/a

Goal of the project or research question :

Presenting the work of international researchers on mistreatment of older adults and assessing its impact on public policies and practices.

Objectives :

The purpose of the project is to achieve and put online important interviews with internationally-acclaimed researchers.

Methodology :

• Conduct the interview (filming);
• Transcribe the interview;

• Edit the videotaped interview;

• Translate (from French into to English or vice versa) and caption the video;

• Get approval of the video editing by the researcher;

• Place the interview online.

Project Advancement :

Four interviews were put online in 2012-2013. Eight others are being prepared and will be posted in 2014. Other interviews will also be conducted.

Please refer to the Important Interviews section by clicking on the following link: 

http://www.maltraitancedesaines.com/en/activities/important-interviews 

Communications :

N/a

Publications :

N/a

Last updated :

February 19, 2014

Title :

Research on mistreatment of older adults in Quebec: summaries of scientific articles.

Principal researcher :

Marie Beaulieu

Research team :

N/a

Chair personnel involved in the project :

Nathalie Paquette, student and research assistant
Claudia Delli-Colli, translator

Johannie Bergeron Patenaude, Chair coordinator

Granting agency and grant amount :

Pro bono (from the Chair's funds)

Project completion dates :

Ongoing as of August 2012

Relationship between project and Chair objectives :

Objective 1: Developing, on one hand, theoretical, empirical and practice-based knowledge on factors of vulnerability and risk associated with mistreatment and, on the other hand, the consequences of mistreatment.

Role of Chair in the project :

Initiator and leader of the project

Research problem :

N/a

Goal of the project or research question :

Highlighting the scientific research conducted by Quebec researchers regarding mistreatment of older adults.

Objectives :

Summarize each scientific article published by Quebec authors on mistreatment of older adults, since the very first, published in 1985.

Methodology :

• Review all scientific articles written by Quebec authors;
• Complete a reading grid of each scientific article;

• Summarize each scientific article;

• Translate into English each of the summaries;

• Post online each of the summaries on the French and English interfaces of the Chair's website.

Project Advancement :

February 2014:

• 88 reviewed articles;

• 32 reading summaries were produced and posted on the Chair's website;

• 10 reading summaries were translated into English and posted on the Chair's website.

Communications :

N/a

Publications :

Please refer to the Research in Quebec: Summaries of scientific articles section by clicking on the following link: http://www.maltraitancedesaines.com/en/scientifc-watch/research-in-quebec-summaries-of-scientific-articles 

Last updated :

 February 20, 2014

Title :

Arrimage: a model for intersectoral work to counter abuse against older adults

Principal researcher :

Marie Beaulieu

Research team :

Suzanne Garon and Yves Couturier, University of Sherbrooke

Chair personnel involved in the project :

Joséphine Loock, coordinator

Jessica Calvé, student and research assistant

Granting agency and grant amount :

Ministry of Families and Seniors, Support program for Initiatives Promoting Respect for Seniors, $182,000

Project completion dates :

April 2012 to March 2015

Relationship between project and Chair objectives :

Objective 3: Formulating an evaluative research program of the most diversified, complementary and effective actions (prevention, detection and intervention) to prevent and counter elder abuse

Role of Chair in the project :

Initiator and leader of the project

Research problem :

Arrimage was created by a group of practitioners from a variety of organizations interested in the development of intersectoral practices against elder abuse (the Research Chair of Mistreatment of Older Adults, the Montreal Senior Round Table, the City of Montreal Police Department and the CSSS Ahuntsic-Montréal Nord, with a commitment from SAVA, a peer mentoring project for seniors from the Carrefour Montrose, and the support of the Montreal regional conference of elected officials). They wished to receive scientific assistance in documenting their intersectoral cooperation, a process which had been initiated but had been hindered by several obstacles, despite the best intentions of the participants.

Goal of the project or research question :

This action-research project documents and models intersectoral elder abuse efforts, based on innovative practices currently being tested in the north-eastern sector of Montreal, in order to evaluate the effects and, using action-research, develop a final model that will be rolled out across a wider territory.

Objectives :

1) Document current intersectoral practices.
2) Based on current practices and a literature review, identify conditions that enhance or obstruct the development and maintenance of formal intersectoral relations that are respectful for the partners' respective mandates.

3) Develop an intersectoral intervention model.

4) Implement the intersectoral model.

5) Evaluate the effects of the model.

6) Produce a final model based on the results of the previous steps.

7) Publish the results and promote the implementation of the model in Quebec.

Methodology :

Action-research:

1) Diagnosis/current situation and identification of the essential elements of an ''ideal'' intersectoral work model.

2) Identification of innovative intersectoral practices to counter elder abuse against older adults that will serve as a reference.

3) Documentation and analysis of the practice model based on three case studies; monitoring of two existing cases, implementation and monitoring of implementation of one case.

• Search for documents;

• Individual interviews with each participant of the duo;

• Follow-up interview with the duo;

• Observation by the Chair of an intervention made by two police officers;

• Participation to the territory's three round tables regarding the project and observation of the duo's integration within these tables.

4) In the light of the results obtained to the previous step, development and proposal of a renewed model.

5) Communication of results, dissemination of the model.

Project Advancement :

In the first year of the project, Arrimage has first allowed to each organization to achieve a better position on the field of intersectoral practices by clearly identifying its individual and intersectoral practices and then, to collectively identify the main intersectoral workplaces (namely round tables which have very different compositions and operating modes from each other) and an innovative practice, either the duo formed by a SPVM police officer and a psychosocial counsellor (from the health and social services network or from a community organization).

The second and the third year are devoted to documenting the practices in duo in three CSSS territories and to produce a training content on intersectorality in the fight against elder abuse in order to propose a model of intersectoral practices to counter elder abuse.

Communications :

Beaulieu, M., & Loock, J. (December 4, 2014). Quand la lutte contre la maltraitance envers les aînés s'enrichit de la collaboration entre organismes.Rendez-vous des partenaires de la région Beauce-Appalaches au Plan d'action gouvernemental pour contrer la maltraitance envers les personnes aînées. Lévis (Québec).

Beaulieu, M., Loock, J, Garon, S., & Couturier, Y. (accepted, May 2014). Les duos de policier et d'intervenant psychosocial : une pratique innovante pour contrer la maltraitance envers les aînés. 10e Congrès international francophone de gérontologie et gériatrie. « Les défis de la longévité : créativité et innovations ». Liège (Belgique).

Beaulieu, M., & Loock, J. (March 27, 2014). La collaboration entre organismes : Un gage de succès dans la lutte contre la maltraitance. Colloque régional Maurice-Centre du Québec sur la maltraitance envers les personnes aînées. Trois-Rivières (Québec).

Beaulieu, M., Loock, J., Garon, S. & Couturier, Y. (accepted, March 2014). A multiagency approach to counter elder abuse: Arrimage, a 3 years research-action project in Montréal. 5th Pan American Congress of Gerontology and Geriatrics – March 26-29 2014. Cartagena (Colombia).

Beaulieu, M., & Loock, J. (November 6, 2013). Arrimage : un projet intersectoriel de lutte contre la maltraitance dans le secteur Nord-Est de Montréal. Rendez-vous des partenaires montréalais sur la maltraitance : du dialogue à l'action. Montréal (Québec).

Beaulieu, M., Couturier, Y., Garon, S., Lavoie, N., Leclair, M., Lithwick, M., & Loock, J, (September 10, 2013). Approches intersectorielles pour contrer la maltraitance : projet Arrimage dans le nord-est de Montréal comme exemple de développement des communautés. 2e Conférence internationale des villes amies des aînés. Québec (Québec).

Beaulieu, M. (May 27, 2013). Intersectoral (multiagency) approach to counter elder abuse The Québec perspective. International Workshop on Ageing Age-Friendly Environments. Colloque de la Fédération internationale du vieillissement. Yaoundé (Cameroun).

Beaulieu, M., Garon, S., & Couturier, Y. (October 26, 2012). En quoi et comment la lutte à la maltraitance peut-elle s'inscrire dans une démarche VADA? Une réflexion tirée de l'expérience québécoise. Colloque « Cidade amiga de idoso : Experiencas canadenses, francescas e brasileiras ». Université de San Paulo. Sao Paolo (Brésil).

Publications :

Beaulieu, M., Garon, S., & Couturier, Y. (2013). La lutte à la maltraitance au Québec. Quelques mises en parallèle avec la démarche « Villes amies des aînés ». Revista Tematica Kairos Gerontologia, 15(6). 197-218.

Beaulieu, M., Garon, S., & Couturier, Y. (2013). A luta contra os maus-tratos no Québec : alguns paralelos com a iniciativas « Cidades Amigas dos Idosos ». Revista Tematica Kairos Gerontologia, 15(6). 219-238.

Last updated :

February 19, 2014

Police intervention in the fight against mistreatment: development and implementation of a practice model

Principal investigator

Marie Beaulieu, Ph.D., University of Sherbrooke, Chairholder of the Research Chair on Mistreatment of Older Adults.

Co-principal investigator

Michelle Côté, Chief of the Research and Strategic Planning Division of the city of Montreal Police Department (SRP-SPVM)

Research team

Several researchers of the Research and Strategic Planning Division of the city of Montreal Police Department (SRP-SPVM).

Suzanne Garon, Ph.D., University of Sherbrooke for the planning, implementation and evaluation aspects.

Chair personnel involved in this project

Joséphine Loock, coordinator.

Monia D'Amours, research professional.

Johannie Bergeron-Patenaude, coordinator of the Chair in support of the principal investigator.

Granting agency

Government of Canada, Human Resources and Skills Development Canada, via the New Horizons for Seniors Program (NHSP).

Project timetable

From July 2013 to June 2016.

Goal

This project aims at developing a model of police practice to counter mistreatment against older adults.

Objectives/key activities

• Provide an update of police practices on mistreatment against older adults and to document the knowledge;

• Identify, with surveys, case studies and individual interviews, the needs of police officers regarding the fight of mistreatment against older adults;

• Implement and adapt tools for case research (screening);

• Develop an implementation protocol in order to introduce the practice model to police officers and to disseminate screening tools to counter mistreatment against older adults;

• Identify and support winning accompaniment practices and intersectoral collaboration;

• Assess the developed tools and modify them according to the custom in practice, if needed;

• Facilitate the knowledge transfer, disseminate results, documents and tools).

Results or outcomes

Results:

In general, results expected for this project are:

1. to have a better knowledge of police practices when mistreatment situations against older adults occur as well as to identify police officers' needs in order to empower them to recognize these situations and to intervene in this context;

2. to provide a police practice model for mistreated older adults that includes one or many intervention tools;

3. that this program will be transferable to other police forces in Quebec and in Canada.

Beneficiaries of the project:

The 4000 SPVM police officers, including regular patrol and community police as well as investigation officials, are direct beneficiaries of this project. On the other hand, seniors from the city of Montreal (15.2% of the population is over 65 years of age) are also benefiting from this project as they will receive responses better adapted to their needs.

Canadian police forces are indirect beneficiaries

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