Caroline Pelletier

DIPLOMAS:

Master's degree in Social Work with focus in Gerontology (2008), University of Sherbrooke.

Bachelor's degree in Psychology (2005), University of Québec at Trois-Rivières.

CURRENT STUDIES:

Ph. D. in Gerontology (January 2013 to present), University of Sherbrooke.

SUBJECT OF STUDY PROJECT:

Provisional title: Requesting help in the context of mistreatment or in the eventuality of mistreatment: giving a voice to older adults. 

SCHOLARSHIPS AND AMOUNTS RECEIVED:

Scholarships

  • 2018: Scholarship from the Research Chair on Mistreatment of Older Adults for doctoral studies and the coordination of a research-action project (3 years) - $ 35, 000/year
  • 2017: Scholarship from the Research Chair on Mistreatment of Older Adults for doctoral studies and the coordination of a research-action project (3 years) – $ 40, 465/year
  • 2016: Scholarship from the Research Chair on Mistreatment of Older Adults for doctoral studies and the coordination of a research-action project (3 years) - $ 35, 000/year
  • 2015: Scholarship from the Research Chair on Mistreatment of Older Adults for doctoral studies - $ 3, 000
  • 2013: Scholarship from the University of Sherbrooke - $ 3, 500
  • 2013: Scholarship from the Research Chair on Mistreatment of Older Adults for doctoral studies - $ 12, 000/year for 2 years

Scholarships for the dissemination of research findings

  • 2018: Scholarship from the Research Chair on Mistreatment of Older Adults for Knowledge Transfer and scientific distribution (writing articles) - $ 4,000
  • 2017: Scholarship from the Research Chair on Mistreatment of Older Adults for support and knowledge transfer - $ 1, 000
  • 2016: Communication support grant from the Sherbrooke Research Centre on Aging for the 5th International REIACTIS Conference in Lausanne (Switzerland) - $ 750
  • 2016: Scholarship for promoting the work of the University of Sherbrooke for the 5th International REIACTIS Conference in Lausanne (Switzerland) - $ 750
  • 2015: Scholarship from the Quebec Network for Research on Aging for the 44th Annual Scientific and Educational Meeting and from the Canadian Association on Gerontology (CAG) in Calgary- $ 1, 000
  • 2015: Scholarship from the Research Chair on Mistreatment of Older Adults from the Quebec Network for Research on Aging to present the results at the 44th Annual Scientific and Educational Meeting and from the Canadian Association on Gerontology (CAG) in Calgary- $ 750
  • 2014: Scholarship for promoting the work of the University of Sherbrooke for the 10th International Francophone Gerontology and Geriatrics Conference (CIFGG) in Liege (Belgium)- $ 750
  • 2014: Scholarship from the Research Chair on Mistreatment of Older Adults for presenting results at the 10th International Francophone Gerontology and Geriatrics Conference (CIFGG) in Liege and for a professional assignment with Respect Seniors in Namur (Belgium) - $ 1000
  • 2014: Scholarship supporting the distribution of the research results from the Quebec Network for Research on Aging for the 10th International Francophone Gerontology and Geriatrics Conference (CIFGG) in Liege- $ 1000

Scholarships for excellence

  • 2018: Scholarship for excellence from the Chartwell Villa de l’Estrie and the Chartwell Seigneuries du Carrefour, residences pour retraités - $ 1 500
  • 2017: Scholarship for excellence from the Chartwell Villa de l’Estrie and the Chartwell Seigneuries du Carrefour, residences pour retraités - $ 1 500
  • 2017: 2nd prize Donna Mergler and Karen Messing for an oral presentation on the DAMIA project at the 2nd Colloque étudiant sur la recherche partenariale by the UQAM Research Chair on the methodology and the epistemology for partnership research - $ 300
  • 2013: Dean’s Honour List, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, University of Sherbrooke for the year 2013

COMPLETION DATE:

Began her doctoral thesis in January, 2013, on the following theme: Mistreatment of Older Adults by close relatives in Institutional Settings

She was hired as the project coordinator for the project Older Adult Mistreatment and Bullying: Enhancing Awareness Practices of Community-Based Organizations Promoting the Transition from Awareness to Reporting in February, 2016. The project is referred to as the DAMIA project (Requesting help in the context of mistreatment and bullying of older adults).

Reorientation of the thesis topic in connection to the coordinated project (DAMIA), but specifically among women who have experienced mistreatment after the age of 65.

Writing of the current thesis

End of doctoral studies predicted for June 2019.

PROBLEM:

Several research studies underline the increase in the number of publications regarding mistreatment of older adults. However, the scientific literature does not say much about the actual and singular experiences of mistreated older adults, which limits our understanding of this phenomenon.

In the identified scientific literature, several experts and professionals expose the potential factors that encourage and hinder older adults from seeking help in situations of mistreatment (Adam, Bagshaw, Wendt & Zannettino, 2014; Chang, Wong, Endo & Norman, 2013; Danesh & Chang, 2015; Deliema, Navarro, Enguidanos & Wilber, 2015; Dong, 2015, Ferreira, Santo &Vieira, 2015; Iversen, Kilvik & Malmeda, 2015; Moulias, Isern-Real & Busby, 2013; Samsi, Manthorpe & Chandaria, 2014). Very little research studies give a voice to older adults so that they may express what encourages or discourages them from them from seeking help. The older adults who participate in research have not always experienced situations of mistreatment (Anand, Begley, O'Brien, Taylor & Killick, 2013; Charpentier & Soulières, 2013; Gibson, 2014; Knight, Kim, Rastegar, Jones, Jump & Wong, 2016; Lee, Yoon, Yoon, Kwon, Park, Nam, Kang & Park, 2014; Mysyuk, Westendorp & Linderberg, 2016; Ziminski & Rempusheski, 2014). The emphasis is put on their perception, their perspective, their conceptualization or their point of view of mistreatment. This leads us to specify that very little scientific work allows older adults (who have experienced mistreatment) to tell their story of their experiences in such situations and what meaning they give to requesting help.

Our doctoral project aims at a better understanding of the request for help in the context of mistreatment or in the eventuality of mistreatment among older adults. In giving a voice to older adults, this study will introduce new knowledge from their own point of view.

GOAL OR RESEARCH QUESTION:

The research questions for this thesis project are the following:

1) How do the obstacles and encouraging factors, identified by older adults, allow for a more profound comprehension of requesting help in the eventuality of mistreatment?

2) What meaning do older adults give to requesting help in situation of mistreatment?

OBJECTIVES:

The overall general is to have a better comprehension of requesting help in the context of mistreatment or in the eventuality of the experience of mistreatment of older adults.

METHODOLOGY:

Thesis conducted in two parts and involving 3 data collections

1) Mixed research plan: administration of 180 questionnaires and 5 group interviews (joining 41 women)

2) 5 individuals interviews

Paradigm

The constructivist paradigm will allow an understanding of the phenomenon (Creswell, 2014) described by the participants.

Theoretical framework

  • No specific theoretical framework for the mixed research estimate. Exploratory in nature.
  • For the 3rd data collection: The transcendental phenomenology of Husserl

Mechanisms used

Mixed plan: The mixte research plan used in this thesis is the concomitant triangulated plan (QUAL + QUAN) (Fortin and Gagnon, 2016) also known as convergent parallel (Creswell, 2014). The goal is to identify two types of data and show how the data converges or diverges (Creswell, 2014).

- Development of a questionnaire administered to participants

- Development of a training manual for DIRA-Estrie volunteers who administered the questionnaires

- Development of a group interview protocol for participants

- Development of consent associated with the questionnaires and consent associated with the interview protocol

- Quote of the various documents to the Research Ethics Committee of the Faculty of Arts and Human Science (CÉR-LSH)

  • 3rd data collection: the proposed research mechanism is based on an in depth exploratory qualitative phenomenological approach that will provide a better understanding of the meaning that the mistreated older adult associates to requesting help (Schutz, 1967). The understanding of the world "is based on the image that these individuals have of people and objects that surround them" (Free translation, Boutin, 1997, p.15). In the context of this project, the objective is to understand the experience of older adults in the context of mistreatment.
  • Preparation of an interview guide and adoption of the project by the Research Ethics Committee of the Faculty of Arts and Human Science of the Université de Sherbrooke.
  • Individual qualitative interviews with 5 women who experienced mistreatment until the interviews become redundant.
  • Logbook (facts about data collection, values, experiences, analysis, anticipated results).
  • Interviews transcribed and coded using an inductive thematic approach using NVivo software. Descriptive statistics using SPSS.

WORK PROGRESS:

In February, 2016, when Caroline was hired as the coordinator of the project Older Adult Mistreatment and Bullying: Enhancing Awareness Practices of Community-Based Organizations Promoting the Transition from Awareness to Reporting, her thesis project was reoriented in order to be integrated in this funded project. Finished elements: the literature review is completed, as well as the Research Report I and II, Research Workshops I, II, III. Redaction of the thesis is in progress.

COMMUNICATIONS :

Download Caroline Pelletier's curriculum vitae and the curriculum of her publications and communications.

PUBLICATIONS:

Download Caroline Pelletier's curriculum vitae and the curriculum of her publications and communications.

REFERENCES USED :

Adams, V. M., Bagshaw, D., Wendt, S., & Zannettino, L. (2014). Financial Abuse of Older People by a Family Member: A Difficult Terrain for Service Providers in Australia. Journal of Elder Abuse & Neglect, 26(3), 270-290.

Anand, J., Begley, E., O'Brien, M., Taylor, B., & Killick, C. (2013). Conceptualising elder abuse across local and global contexts: implications for policy and professional practice on the island of Ireland. Journal of Adult Protection, 15(6), 280-289

Boutin, G. (1997). L’entretien de recherche qualitatif (2e éd.). Québec: Presses de l’Université du Québec.

Brank, E.M., Wylie, L.E. & Hamm, J.A. (2012). Potential for Self-Reporting of Older

Chang, A. L. S., Wong, J. W., Endo, J. O., & Norman, R. A. (2013). Geriatric dermatology: Part II. Risk factors and cutaneous signs of elder mistreatment for the dermatologist. Journal of the American Academy of Dermatology, 68(4), 533.e

Charpentier, M. & Soulières, M. (2013). Elder Abuse and Neglect in Institutional Settings: The Residents’s Perspective. Journal of Elder Abuse & Neglect, 25(4), 339-354.

Creswell, J.W. (2014). Research Design. Qualitative, Quantitative and Mixed Methods Approaches (4th ed.). Thousand Oaks: Sage Publications Inc.

Danesh, M. J., & Chang, A. L. S. (2015). The role of the dermatologist in detecting elder abuse and neglect. Journal of the American Academy of Dermatology, 73(2), 285-293

DeLiema, M., Navarro, A., Enguidanos, S., & Wilber, K. (2015). Voices from the Frontlines: Examining Elder Abuse from Multiple Professional Perspectives. Health & Social Work, 40(2), e15-24 11p.

Dong, X. (2015). Elder Abuse in Chinese Populations: A Global Review. Journal of Elder Abuse & Neglect, 27(3), 196-232

Ferreira, M., Santos, C. L. D., & Vieira, D. N. (2015). Detection and Intervention Strategies by Primary Health Care Professionals in Suspected Elder Abuse. Acta Médica Portuguesa, 28(6), 687-694

Gibson, S.C. (2014). Understanding underreporting of elder financial abuse: Can date support the assumptions? Dissertation Abstracts International: Section B: The Sciences and Engineering, 74(8-B).

Husserl, E. (2012). Ideas: General introduction to pure phenomenology, New-York: Humanities Press (First published in 1931).

Iversen, M. H., Kilvik, A., & Malmedal, W. (2015). Sexual Abuse of Older Residents in Nursing Homes: A Focus Group Interview of Nursing Home Staff. Nursing Research And Practice, 2015, 1-6.

Knight, B. G., Kim, S., Rastegar, S., Jones, S., Jump, V., & Wong, S. (2016). Influences on the perception of elder financial abuse among older adults in Southern California. International Psychogeriatrics / IPA, 28(1), 163-169.

Lee, H. Y., Yoon, H. S., Yoon, J. Y., Kwon, J. H., Park, E. S., Nam, R., Kang, S.B., Park, K. H. (2014b). Perception and Help-Seeking Intention of Intimate Partner Violence in Later Life: An International Perspective. Journal of Agression, Maltreatment & Trauma, 23(1), 45-66 22p.

Longino, C.F. & Powell, J.L. (2009). Toward Phenomenology of Aging, In V.L. Bengtson, D. Gans, N. M. Putney & M. Silverstein (Ed), Handbook of Theories of Aging (2nd edition, pp. 375-387). New-York: Springer Publishing Company.

Moulias, R., Isern-Real, M.-H., & Busby, F. (2013). Le médecin face à l'abus financier envers le vieillard vulnérable. La revue de gériatrie, 38(2), 101-110.

Mysyuk, Y., Westendorp, R. G. J., & Lindenberg, J. (2016). Older persons' definitions and explanations of elder abuse in the Netherlands. Journal of Elder Abuse & Neglect, 5, 1-19.

Ribau, C., Lasry, J.-C., Bouchard, L., Moutel, G., Hervé, C. et Marc-Vergnes, J.-P. (2005). La phénoménologie : une approche scientifique des expériences vécues. Recherche en soins infirmiers, 2(81), 21-27.

Samsi, K., Manthorpe, J., & Chandaria, K. (2014). Risks of financial abuse of older people with dementia: findings from a survey of UK voluntary sector dementia community services staff. Journal of Adult Protection, 16(3), 180-192

Schutz, A. (1967). The Phenomenology of the Social World. Evanston: Northwestern University Press.

Ziminski, C. E., & Rempusheski, V. F. (2014). Examining barriers to self-reporting of elder physical abuse in community-dwelling older adults. Geriatric Nursing, 35(2), 120-125.

Last modified on Thursday, 07 June 2018 14:11

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Research Chair on Mistreatment of Older Adults
Research Centre on Aging – CIUSSS de l'Estrie - CHUS
1036, Belvédère Sud
Sherbrooke (Québec)
J1H 4C4
CANADA

Telephone : 1 819 780-2220, extension 45621

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